Galeichthys feliceps, White barbel : fisheries, aquarium

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Galeichthys feliceps Valenciennes 1840

White barbel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Galeichthys feliceps   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Galeichthys feliceps (White barbel)
Galeichthys feliceps
Picture by Alvheim, O./Institute of Marine Research (IMR)

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Ariidae (Sea catfishes) > Galeichthyinae
Etymology: Galeichthys: Greek, galeos = a shark + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水 居于水底的; 非产卵性溯降河的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 ? - 120 m (Ref. 27121).   亞熱帶的; 23°S - 35°S, 14°E - 33°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Southeast Atlantic: Walvis Bay, Namibia to the vicinity of East london, South Africa (Ref. 85159). Records from Guinea-Bissau as Tachysurus feliceps and from Guinea as Arius feliceps are erroneous.
東南大西洋: Bosluisbaai , Torra 海灣與斯瓦克普或沃爾維斯灣,那米比亞到南非好望角西北部。 西大西洋: 美國科德角到墨西哥灣。 西印度洋: 莫三比克的貝菈港到南非的川斯凱.(參考文獻 3876,12484) 如 Tachysurus feliceps 的來自幾內亞比索的紀錄與從幾內亞當 Arius feliceps 是錯誤的。 記錄來自馬達加斯加了。 (參考文獻 13333)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 25 - 27.5 cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3976); common length : 35.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3546)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

脊椎骨: 51 - 52. This species is distinguished by the following characters: head longer than, or nearly as long as, broad; tooth patches are posterior to premaxillary band touch at midline; relatively long and thin maxillary barbel, extending at least to pectoral fin spine origin (longer in females); dorsal fin spine length more than 70% of its height; pectoral-fin spine at vertical extends at most to hind edge of dorsal fin base; deeply forked caudal fin with moderately slender, with pointed lobes, upper lobe longer; caudal peduncle approximately twice as long as deep; 11-14 gill-rakers on anterior face of first arch; upper two-thirds of body darkened, some lateral speckling and belly stark white; median anterior cranial fontanelle (of exposed skull) elongate and bullet-shaped; smooth and shallow median cranial depression, deepest posteriorly at frontal/supraoccipital suture. 10-12 pectoral fin rays; 51-52 (17 precaudal, 34-35 caudal) total vertebrae. Dimorphism of posterior (humeral) process of cleithrum obvious externally, in females, fan-shaped, in males triangular (Ref. 85159).
褐色到略灰色或绿褐色的背面, 微白色的在腹部与侧面上; 腹部的中线微白色的而且从不有颜色。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Generally found in large shoals on muddy bottoms in turbid waters, usually on the coastline and estuaries. Also found in rivers (Ref. 3976). Feed on crayfish, small fish, and crabs (Ref. 27121). Considered a nuisance of shore and ski-boat anglers in southern Africa as little else is caught (Ref. 12484). Spines are poisonous and wounds should be treated immediately. Marketed smoked (Ref. 36731).

通常在混浊的水域中的泥底部上发现于大群鱼群了, 通常在海岸线与河口上。 也发现于河。 (参考文献 3976) 吃小龙虾,小鱼与螃蟹。 (参考文献 27121) 当一点点别的被捕捉的时候,被认为是一个在非洲南部中的海岸讨厌的东西与雪橇船垂钓者了。 (参考文献 12484) 棘是有毒的,而且创伤应该紧邻处理。 在市场上销售烟熏。 (参考文献 36731)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

A paternal mouthbrooder. 東南大西洋: Bosluisbaai , Torra 海灣與斯瓦克普或沃爾維斯灣,那米比亞到南非好望角西北部。 西大西洋: 美國科德角到墨西哥灣。 西印度洋: 莫三比克的貝菈港到南非的川斯凱.(參考文獻 3876,12484) 如 Tachysurus feliceps 的來自幾內亞比索的紀錄與從幾內亞當 Arius feliceps 是錯誤的。 記錄來自馬達加斯加了。 (參考文獻 13333)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Ferraris, Jr., Carl J. | 合作者

Kulongowski, C., 2010. Revision of the ariid catfish genus Galeichthys Valenciennes (subfamily Galeichthyinae), with description of a new species from South Africa and designation of a neotype for G. ater Castelnau. Smithiania Bull. (12):9-23. (Ref. 85159)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有毒的 (Ref. 4716)





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 水族馆: 公众的水族馆
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
BRUVS
参考文献
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养殖信息
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遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
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照片
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声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 15.5 - 27.7, mean 24.7 °C (based on 222 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00469 - 0.01544), b=2.98 (2.82 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Assuming tm=2-3).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.