Bathytoshia lata, Brown stingray : gamefish

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Bathytoshia lata (Garman, 1880)

Brown stingray
إضافة ملاحظاتك Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Bathytoshia lata   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
ارفع صور و مقاطع فيديو
Pictures | صور قوقل

التصنيف / Names الأسماء الشائعة | مرادفات | Catalog of Fishes(جنس, الانواع) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

أشلاق (القروش و الشفانين) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Dasyatinae
  More on author: Garman.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range البيئة

; بحري القاع; نطاق العمق 40 - 800 m (Ref. 114953), usually 1 - 200 m (Ref. 114953).   Subtropical

التوزيع دول | مناطق الفاو | النظام البيئي | الظهور | Point map | مقدمة | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: southern France to Angola, including the Mediterranean Sea. Indo-Pacific: widespread, from southern Africa to Hawaii.

الحجم / وزن / العمر

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 260 cm WD ذكر/ مختلط الجنس; (Ref. 114953); أعلا وزن تم نشرة: 290.0 kg (Ref. 114953)

وصف مختصر الوصف الخارجي | قياسات المظهر الخارجي

This species is huge, plain-coloured, with a disc broad and rhombic, has sharp thorns over its disc and tail in adults; it is moderately elongate, with gently tapering tail to caudal sting, a slender ventral tail fold and a minute dorsal fold; disc width ca. 1.2-1.3 times its length, very thick trunk; narrowly-rounded to angular pectoral-fin apex; short snout, broadly triangular with tip extended slightly and anterior margims weakly undulate; small eyes with orbit length and spiracle 2.1-2.5 in snout length, a broad interorbital space, up to 4.5 times orbit length in adults; broad mouth with 3-5 oral papillae, weak labial furrows, weakly convex lower jaw; very broadly skirt-shaped nasal curtain with its margin fringed; oblique oval nostrils; juveniles (< 60 cm WD) have smooth skin, sometimes with stellate thorns on mid-line of disc; snout and back with thorns more uptight and pointed, some on tail enlarged with broader bases; larger specimens have finely granular with denser cover of large thorns centrally, its tail beyond the sting is very thorny; broad tail, depressed at the base, its length twice disc width, tapering gently to sting, often with one caudal sting, its ventral fold is long, low with base about equal to predorsal length while dorsal fold is barely detectable; pelvic fins are rather small with angular apices. Colour of upper surface plain greyish brown or black; no distinct row of white pores on disc, but usually with irregular white flecks where skin is damaged; tail is dark dorsally before its sting, usually white ventrally; all surfaces are black beyond sting; ventral surface entirely white, black ventral fold (Ref. 114953).

أحياء     المصطلحات (على سبيل المثال epibenthic)

Demersal or benthic on insular and continental shelves (Ref.58048, 58302); on on upper slopes to 800 m (Ref. 114953). Found on sand or mud bottoms, sometimes near coral reefs (Ref. 12951). Feeds on crabs, prawns and small bony fishes (Ref. 114953). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Males mature at ca. 100 cm WD, and females ca. 110 cm WD; pups born at ca. 35 cm WD; but these data measurements needs confirmation (Ref. 114953). Caught often by demersal tangle net and longline fisheries operating in shelf waters.Utilized for its meat, cartilage and thorny tail (58048).

Life cycle and mating behavior النضج | التكاثر | وضع البيض | بيض | الخصوبة | Larvae

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

المرجع الرئيسي Upload your references | مراجع | المنظم : McEachran, John | المتعاونين

Last, P.R., W.T. White, M.R. de Carvalho, B. Séret, M.F.W. Stehmann and G.J.P. Naylor, 2016. Rays of the world. CSIRO Publishing, Comstock Publishing Associates. i-ix + 1-790. (Ref. 114953)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 July 2007

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر للأنسان

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 6871)





استخدامات بشرية

لعبة سمكه: نعم
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

مزيد من المعلومات

دول
مناطق الفاو
النظام البيئي
الظهور
مقدمة
Stocks
البيئة
التغذية
عناصر الغذاء
استهلاك الأغذية
Ration
الأسماء الشائعة
مرادفات
الأيض
مفتريسات
علم السميات البيئية
التكاثر
النضج
وضع البيض
تجمعات وضع البيض
الخصوبة
بيض
تطور البيضة
العمر/ الحجم
نمو
الطول-الوزن
الطول-الطول
الطول- الترددات
قياسات المظهر الخارجي
الوصف الخارجي
Larvae
حركة انتقال اليرقات
توظيف
الوفرة
BRUVS
مراجع
الأستزراع المائي
ملف الأستزراع المائي
سلالات
جيني
تواتر الأليل
التوريث
الأمراض
معالجة
Nutrients
Mass conversion
المتعاونين
صور
Stamps, Coins Misc.
اصوات
التسمم باكل السمك
سرعة
نوع السباحة
منطقة الخياشيم
عظمة الأذن
دماغ
رؤية

أدوات

تقارير خاصة

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مصادر علي الأنترنت

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 15 - 21.9, mean 20.2 °C (based on 25 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00282 - 0.01623), b=3.07 (2.87 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
مستوى غذائي (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
المرونه (Ref. 120179):  منخفض, الحد الزمني الأدني لتضاعف عدد أفراد المجتمع 4.5-14 سنة (Assuming fecundity<100).
عرضة للخطر (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (90 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 17.7 [1.9, 106.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.743 [0.142, 2.880] mg/100g ; Protein = 21.9 [19.4, 24.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.221 [0.081, 0.571] g/100g ; Selenium = 36.4 [9.7, 133.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 3.79 [0.85, 17.47] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.426 [0.111, 1.550] mg/100g (wet weight);