Tinca tinca, Tench : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish, aquarium

You can sponsor this page

Tinca tinca (Linnaeus, 1758)

Tench
ارفع صور و مقاطع فيديو
Pictures | Videos | Stamps, Coins Misc. | صور قوقل
Image of Tinca tinca (Tench)
Tinca tinca
Picture by Zienert, S.

التصنيف / Names الأسماء الشائعة | مرادفات | Catalog of Fishes(جنس, الانواع) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Tincidae (Tenches)
Etymology: Tinca: Latin, timica; realted to a predatory fish = timi, but the etymology of tench does not conform with this meaning (Ref. 45335);  tinca: tinca which is the latin name for tench (Ref. 1998)  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range البيئة

; المياه العذبة; مياه مخلوطة القاع; سمكة نهرية (Ref. 51243); نطاق العمق 1 - m (Ref. 26368), usually - m (Ref. ).   Temperate; 4°C - 24°C (Ref. 13614); 64°N - 36°N, 10°W - 104°E

التوزيع دول | مناطق الفاو | النظام البيئي | الظهور | Point map | مقدمة | Faunafri

Eurasia: hypothesized as native in most Europe, naturally absent only in Ireland, Scandinavia north of 61°30'N, eastern Adriatic basin and western and southern Greece where it is now introduced. In Asia, native eastward to western Yenisei drainage south of 60° N. Introduced elsewhere.

Length at first maturity / الحجم / وزن / العمر

Maturity: Lm ?, range 20 - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm SL ذكر/ مختلط الجنس; (Ref. 44894); common length : 20.0 cm TL ذكر/ مختلط الجنس; (Ref. 556); أعلا وزن تم نشرة: 7.5 kg (Ref. 556)

وصف مختصر الوصف الخارجي | قياسات المظهر الخارجي

الأشواك الظهرية (المجموع): 4; الأشعة الظهرية الناعمة (المجموع): 8-9; شوكة شرجية 3-4; أشعه شرجية لينه: 6 - 8; فقرات: 39 - 41. Body thickset, heavy, and laterally compressed, the caudal peduncle characteristically deep and short. Skin thickened, slimy; the scales small, embedded. Overall coloration olive-green, at times dark green or almost black, with golden reflections on ventral surface. Head triangular, eye orange-red, small; snout relatively long; interorbital broad; mouth terminal, small in size with thick lips and a pair of well-developed barbels, one at each corner of the mouth. Caudal fin with 19 rays (Ref. 2196). Diagnosed from other cyprinid species in Europe by the following characters: body golden greenish brown; one pair of barbel (maxillary); lateral line with 96-115 scales, small and deeply embedded; dorsal fin with 8-9½ branched rays; and anal fin with 6-9½ branched rays (Ref. 59043).

أحياء     المصطلحات (على سبيل المثال epibenthic)

Typically found in shallow, densely vegetated lakes and backwaters. Often overwinters buried in mud. Larvae and juveniles confined to dense vegetation (Ref. 59043). Adults inhabit warm lakes and pools with weed and mud bottom. Tolerates low oxygen saturations (Ref. 30578, 44894). Feeds on detritus, benthic animals and plant materials. Adult often prey mainly on molluscs. Spawns among dense vegetation in still water (Ref. 59043). Used as a fodder fish for bass (Ref. 7248). Utilized fresh and frozen; eaten pan-fried, broiled, and baked (Ref. 9988). Popular with amateur sport fishers. Its flesh is highly esteemed (Ref. 30578). Locally under threat due to river engineering (Ref. 59043). Reported to reach a maximum length of 84 cm TL (Ref. 5723).

Life cycle and mating behavior النضج | التكاثر | وضع البيض | بيض | الخصوبة | Larvae

Males reproduce at 2-3 years and females at 3-7 years. Spawning happens, depending on latitude, between May and September, at temperatures of 19 20°C. Lays numerous sticky green eggs on plants or on the botton every 1 5 days for 2 months. Incubation at 20°C lasts 3 days. Larvae remain attached to the plants for several days until the vitellus is used up. Egg size 0.8-1.0 mm, larval length at hatching 4-5 mm.

المرجع الرئيسي Upload your references | مراجع | المنظم | المتعاونين

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر للأنسان

  Harmless





استخدامات بشرية

مصائد: تجاري; الأستزراع المائي: تجاري; لعبة سمكه: نعم; حوض مائي: احواض مائية عامة
FAO - الأستزراع المائي: الأنتاج; مصائد: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | البحر حولنا

مزيد من المعلومات

الأسماء الشائعة
مرادفات
الأيض
مفتريسات
علم السميات البيئية
التكاثر
النضج
وضع البيض
تجمعات وضع البيض
الخصوبة
بيض
تطور البيضة
مراجع
الأستزراع المائي
ملف الأستزراع المائي
سلالات
جيني
تواتر الأليل
التوريث
الأمراض
معالجة
Nutrients
Mass conversion
المتعاونين
صور
Stamps, Coins Misc.
اصوات
التسمم باكل السمك
سرعة
نوع السباحة
منطقة الخياشيم
عظمة الأذن
دماغ
رؤية

أدوات

تقارير خاصة

Download XML

مصادر علي الأنترنت

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00803 - 0.01567), b=3.02 (2.93 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
مستوى غذائي (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 13.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
المرونه (Ref. 120179):  وسيط, الحد الزمني الأدني لتضاعف عدد أفراد المجتمع 1.4-4.4 سنة (tm=2; tmax=10; Fec=120,000-800,000).
عرضة للخطر (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (65 of 100) .
فئة السعر (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 61.8 [26.6, 144.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.523 [0.227, 1.031] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [16.6, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 1.49 [0.62, 3.70] g/100g ; Selenium = 19.9 [7.2, 44.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 27.5 [7.5, 96.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.794 [0.430, 1.385] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.