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Prosopium coulterii (Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1892)

Pygmy whitefish
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Image of Prosopium coulterii (Pygmy whitefish)
Prosopium coulterii
Picture by Lyons, J.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes(Gênero, Espécies) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Coregoninae
Etymology: Prosopium: Greek, prosopon = face (Ref. 45335);  coulterii: Named after Dr. J.M. Coulter, a distinguished botanist..
More on authors: Eigenmann & Eigenmann.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; Água doce bentopelágico; intervalo de profundidade 18 - 168 m (Ref. 27547), usually 55 - 70 m (Ref. 1998). Temperate; 59°N - 47°N

Distribuição Países | Áreas da FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

North America: three disjunct areas: Lake Superior in Ontario, Canada and Michigan, USA; Yukon River drainage in Yukon, Canada to Columbia River drainage in western Montana and Washington, USA; and Chignik, Naknek and Wood River drainages in southwest Alaska. Europe: Russia (Ref. 26334).

Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 5723); common length : 11.5 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 12193); idade máx. registrada: 9 anos (Ref. 10320)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 0; Raios dorsais (total): 10-13; Espinhos anais 0; Raios anais : 10 - 14; Vértebras: 49 - 55. Body elongate, almost cylindrical. Head elongate, its length slightly greater than body depth; eye relatively large, its diameter greater than snout length; snout bluntly rounded, overhanging mouth, not obviously pointed, a single flap of skin present between nostrils. Nuptial tubercles developed in both males and females, but more conspicuous in males, and occur on top of head, on scales on back and sides, and on paired fins. Body is brownish above, silvery on sides and white below. Dorsal, caudal, and pectoral fins usually clear, anal and pelvic whitish and immaculate, a faint dark spot sometimes present on base of caudal fin. A series of 12 - 14 similar spots present along the midline of the back, and 7 - 14 dark, round or oval parr marks with diffuse borders present along the lateral line of young and sub adults, although some Alaskan forms retain parr marks even on largest fish.

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits lakes and rivers of mountainous areas (Ref. 1998). Feeds mainly on crustaceans and aquatic insect larvae (Ref. 1998). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 1998.

Ciclo de vida ou comportamento de acasalamento Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Moves to spawning grounds in the early winter and presumably back into deeper water after spawning. Spawns at night, presumably the eggs are broadcast, settling into interstices in the gravel. Hatching occurs the following spring (Ref. 27547).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para os humanos

  Harmless





Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: sem interesse; peixe esportivo: sim
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Fontes da internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Checar Observador de Peixes (FishWatcher) | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gênero, Espécies | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genoma, nucleotídeo | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Árvore da vida | Wikipedia: Ir para, procura | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Registro zoológico

Estimates based on models

Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00239 - 0.00875), b=3.14 (2.96 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.35 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 2.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  médio(a), tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (tm=1-2; tmax=9; Fec=103).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (25 of 100).