Myrophis punctatus, Speckled worm-eel : fisheries, bait

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Myrophis punctatus Lütken, 1852

Speckled worm-eel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Myrophis punctatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Myrophis punctatus (Speckled worm-eel)
Myrophis punctatus
Picture by Giarrizzo, T.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae (Snake eels) > Myrophinae
Etymology: Myrophis: Greek, myros, -ou = male of morey eel + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Lütken.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; brakwater rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 0 - 100 m (Ref. 5951).   Tropical

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Bermuda and North Carolina (USA) to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico, the West Indies, and the coast of Central America. Also throughout Caribbean (Ref. 26938). Northwest Atlantic: Canada. Records from the eastern Atlantic need confirmation.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.3 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 30499)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Pale brown, with a fine peppering of black spots on the back and sides of the body; ventral surface is light (Ref. 30499).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Inhabits seagrass beds from bays and mangroves to offshore reefs. Adults move to open sea to spawn. The species has considerable regenerative powers (Ref. 5521). Tidal creeks and brackish estuaries offshore to depths of 7 m (Ref. 26938). Reported from fresh water in Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Mexico (Ref. 30499). Caught for bait fishery with use of ichthyotoxic plants (e.g. 'cunabi') along the north Brazilian coast (Ref. 34896).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : McCosker, John | Medewerkers

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 02 August 2011

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: commercieel; aas: usually
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 12.5 - 27.8, mean 24.4 °C (based on 774 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00076 (0.00029 - 0.00198), b=3.06 (2.83 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 107 [53, 204] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.859 [0.528, 1.557] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [16.2, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.274 [0.109, 0.771] g/100g ; Selenium = 42.7 [16.9, 94.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 59.4 [13.6, 233.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.68 [1.12, 2.49] mg/100g (wet weight);