Ponticola syrman, Syrman goby

Ponticola syrman (Nordmann 1840)

Syrman goby
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Ponticola syrman
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Gobiiformes (Gobies) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水 居于水底的.   溫帶; 47°N - 36°N, 27°E - 54°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Europe and Asia: Black Sea, Sea of Azov and Caspian Sea basins. Found in the sea only but enter estuaries in some areas (Ref. 92840).
歐洲: 黑海,亞速海與裡海。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.5 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 2058); 最大年龄: 4 年 (Ref. 59043)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 7; 背的软条 (总数): 15-18; 臀棘 1; 臀鳍软条: 10 - 15. This species is distinguished from related species in Europe by the following characters: interorbital distance equal to eye diameter; nape completely scaled; pelvic disc fraenum with small, rounded lobes, fraenum length < 1/6 of its width at base; pelvic disc reaching 60-70 % of distance between its origin and anus; first branched ray of second dorsal about twice as long as penultimate ray; scales in midlateral series 57-67 + 2-3 (Ref. 59043).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs inshore, on shelly ground, sand, muddy sand or mud. May enter freshwaters. Feeds on crustaceans (mysids, corophiid amphipods), small fish (gobies), bivalves, polychaetes, and chironomid larvae. Sexually mature at 1 to 2 years (Ref. 4696). Spawns in March to June with females spawning at least twice during this season. Adhesive eggs are deposited under or between stones, shells and aquatic plants and males guard the eggs until hatching (Ref. 59043).

在多壳的地面,沙子上,生活于近海, 泥泞的沙或泥。 可能进入淡水。 吃甲壳动物 (糠虾, corophiid 片脚类动物) ,小鱼 (鰕虎鱼) ,二枚贝,多毛类动物与宝刀鱼仔鱼。 在 1 到 2 年时性成熟。 (参考文献 4696)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

歐洲: 黑海,亞速海與裡海。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Miller, P.J., 1986. Gobiidae. p. 1019-1085. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4696)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00413 - 0.01056), b=3.20 (3.07 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.48 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 2.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .