分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海; 汽水性の 底生の. Temperate; 47°N - 36°N, 27°E - 54°E
Europe and Asia: Black Sea, Sea of Azov and Caspian Sea basins. Found in the sea only but enter estuaries in some areas (Ref. 92840).
サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.5 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 2058); 最大記録サイズ: 4 年 (Ref. 59043)
背面の脊椎 (合計): 7; 背鰭 (合計): 15-18; 肛門の骨 1; 臀鰭: 10 - 15. This species is distinguished from related species in Europe by the following characters: interorbital distance equal to eye diameter; nape completely scaled; pelvic disc fraenum with small, rounded lobes, fraenum length < 1/6 of its width at base; pelvic disc reaching 60-70 % of distance between its origin and anus; first branched ray of second dorsal about twice as long as penultimate ray; scales in midlateral series 57-67 + 2-3 (Ref. 59043).
Occurs inshore, on shelly ground, sand, muddy sand or mud. May enter freshwaters. Feeds on crustaceans (mysids, corophiid amphipods), small fish (gobies), bivalves, polychaetes, and chironomid larvae. Sexually mature at 1 to 2 years (Ref. 4696). Spawns in March to June with females spawning at least twice during this season. Adhesive eggs are deposited under or between stones, shells and aquatic plants and males guard the eggs until hatching (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Miller, P.J., 1986. Gobiidae. p. 1019-1085. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4696)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00461 - 0.01138), b=3.19 (3.06 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.48 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 2.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 高い, １５か月以下の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
弱み (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .