(Carps) > Cobitidae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; sötvatten; brackvatten bentopelagisk; djupintervall - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Europe: Aegean and Black Sea basins, from Struma drainage to area of Varna (Greece, Bulgaria, Turkey), Lakes Volvi and Koronia (Greece); Danube basin in Bulgaria. In Danube and Struma drainages, C. strumicae occurs together with hybridogenous, sprem-parasitic lineages, which have originated by hybridisation of C. elongatoides with C. taenia or C. tanaitica (Ref. 59043).
Size / Vikt / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 59043); 11.0 cm SL (female)
Morfologi | Morfometri
Presence of a black spot at caudal base, very small or sometimes absent, rarely two small spots. Pigmentation (Gambetta's longitudinal zone of pigmentation): zone Z4 with 12-21 roundish or squarish blotches, sometimes indistinct or fused two by two; flank not pigmented below zone Z4. Two laminae circularis.
A short-lived species. Adults occur in highland and lowland water courses with little current, in springs and associated wetlands and in lakes (Ref. 26100), with sand or silt bottom (Ref. 59043). Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver
During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fiskeri: saknar intresse
MedarbetareBilderStamps, Coins Misc.LjudCiguateraHastighetSimsättGälytaOtolithsHjärnstorlekSyn
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00254 - 0.01244), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliens (Ref. 120179
): Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (Assumed Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .