分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
(Carps) > Cobitidae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 新鮮な水; 汽水性の 底生の漂泳性. Subtropical
Europe: Aegean and Black Sea basins, from Struma drainage to area of Varna (Greece, Bulgaria, Turkey), Lakes Volvi and Koronia (Greece); Danube basin in Bulgaria. In Danube and Struma drainages, C. strumicae occurs together with hybridogenous, sprem-parasitic lineages, which have originated by hybridisation of C. elongatoides with C. taenia or C. tanaitica (Ref. 59043).
サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 59043); 11.0 cm SL (female)
形態学 | 形態計測学
Presence of a black spot at caudal base, very small or sometimes absent, rarely two small spots. Pigmentation (Gambetta's longitudinal zone of pigmentation): zone Z4 with 12-21 roundish or squarish blotches, sometimes indistinct or fused two by two; flank not pigmented below zone Z4. Two laminae circularis.
A short-lived species. Adults occur in highland and lowland water courses with little current, in springs and associated wetlands and in lakes (Ref. 26100), with sand or silt bottom (Ref. 59043). Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00246 - 0.01227), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 手段, １．４年～４．４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Assumed Fec < 10,000).
弱み (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .