Acipenser nudiventris, Fringebarbel sturgeon : fisheries, aquaculture

You can sponsor this page

Acipenser nudiventris Lovetsky, 1828

Fringebarbel sturgeon
添加你自己的观测位置在 Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Acipenser nudiventris   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
上传你的 图片 和 影像
Pictures | Stamps, Coins Misc. | 谷歌图片
Image of Acipenser nudiventris (Fringebarbel sturgeon)
Acipenser nudiventris
Picture by CAFS

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Acipenseriformes (Sturgeons and paddlefishes) > Acipenseridae (Sturgeons) > Acipenserinae
Etymology: Acipenser: Latin, acipenser = sturgeon, 1853 (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水 居于水底的; 溯河洄游 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 30 - 60 m (Ref. 3397).   温带; 10°C - 20°C (Ref. 2059); 57°N - 36°N, 14°E - 53°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Europe: Black, Azov, Caspian and Aral Sea, ascending some rivers (Danube up to Bratislava, Volga up to Kazan, Ural up to Chkalov), unknown or very rare in others. On the verge of extinction in its natural range.

Extirpated in Aral basin; nearly extirpated in Black Sea basin; only occasional records from Danube and lower Volga; only a very small population remaining in Rivers Ural (Russia, Kazakhstan) and Rioni (Georgia); no natural spawning population in Iran; established in Lake Balkhash where it forms a large population (Ref. 59043). Artificially propagated (Ref. 6866).
欧洲与前苏联: 里海的与咸海, 在黑海与亚速海中非常稀少。 人工地繁殖; 灭绝的在咸海.(参考文献 6866) 国际间的买卖限制 ( CITES2, 自从 1.4.98 以后; CMS 附录 2).

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 211 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 98365); common length : 132 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3397); 最大体重: 80.0 kg (Ref. 52332)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 45-57; 臀鳍软条: 23 - 37. Snout moderately long and pointed at tip. Lower lip continuous, not interrupted at centre. Barbels halfway between tip of snout and mouth, reaching the latter. Five rows of scutes, dorsal 11-17, lateral 49-70, but usually 55-56 on each side, ventral 10-16, with no smaller plates between dorsal and ventral rows. Color of back grey, flanks lighter, belly white.
吻中等长度而顶端尖的。 下唇连续, 不在中心中断。 触须在吻尖与被达到后者的嘴之间的中点。 五个列的鳞甲, 背部的 11-17, 侧面的 49-70, 但是通常 55-56 在两边 , 腹面 10-16 上, 没有在背部与腹的列之间的小板。 背面的颜色灰色的,侧面颜色较淡,和腹部白色的。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults occur in the sea close to shores and estuaries and in deep stretches of large rivers over muddy substrate. Are usually solitary. Juveniles live in shallow riverine habitats (Ref. 59043). Feed on mollusks, amphipods and chironomid larvae. Spawning takes place in strong-current habitats in main course of large and deep rivers on stone or gravel bottom (Ref. 59043) from end of April to June (end of May in Rioni River, Black Sea) (Ref. 3193).

发现在泥上了与通常独居性的。 吃软件动物,片脚类动物与宝刀鱼仔鱼。 从四月底到六月 (五月底在 Rioni 河, 黑海) 产卵。 (参考文献 3193)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Most juveniles move to sea in their first summer and remain there until they reach maturity. Others remain for a longer period. In autumn, individuals migrate to the rivers and remain there until the following spring to spawn (Ref. 59043). Females reproduce every 2-3 and males every 1-2 years (Ref. 59043).欧洲与前苏联: 里海的与咸海, 在黑海与亚速海中非常稀少。 人工地繁殖; 灭绝的在咸海.(参考文献 6866) 国际间的买卖限制 ( CITES2, 自从 1.4.98 以后; CMS 附录 2).

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Bauchot, M.-L., 1987. Poissons osseux. p. 891-1421. In W. Fischer, M.L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.) Fiches FAO d'identification pour les besoins de la pêche. (rev. 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Vol. II. Commission des Communautés Européennes and FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3397)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  极度濒危 (CR) (A2cde); Date assessed: 24 October 2009

CITES (Ref. 123416)


对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 养殖: 商业性
FAO - 渔业: landings, 物种外形; Publication: search | FishSource |

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
BRUVS
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

下载 XML

网络资源

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7.7 - 11.1, mean 10.4 °C (based on 9 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00355 - 0.00933), b=3.18 (3.05 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.45 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (K=0.04-0.12; tmax=30; Fec=165,000).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (85 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.