Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: neotes: Name from Greek meaning youth, referring to the juvenile appearance of this neotenic species (Ref. 11893). More on authors: Allen, Kuiter & Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 25 m (Ref. 11893), usually 15 - 20 m (Ref. 48636). Tropical
Western Central Pacific: Philippines (Ref. 48613); Maumere Bay (Indonesia), Palau and Madang, Papua New Guinea; Australia (Ref. 75154) and Solomon Islands (Ref. 90102). Recently reported from Tonga (Ref. 53797).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11893)
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 24. This species is distinguished by having D VI-I,9; A II,8; pectoral rays 13; mid-lateral line scales 24; tubed lateral line scales absent; predorsal scales 4; gill rakers 5+16-18, excluding an indistinct rudiment on upper limb; preopercular margin serrate; preopercular ridge smooth; vomer and palatine toothless; body depth 4.2-4.7 in SL; semi-transparent in life with black sub-dermal midlateral stripe and black, pupil-sized spot at the base of the caudal fin (Ref. 11893).
Inhabits lagoons and outer reefs in relatively clear water; usually with soft corals or gorgonian fans (Ref. 11893). Forms small schools (Ref. 48636).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., R.H. Kuiter and J.E. Randall, 1994. Descriptions of five new species of cardinalfishes (Apogonidae: Apogon) from Maumere Bay, Flores, Indonesia and surrounding regions. Rev. Fr. Aquariol. 21(1-2):27-38. (Ref. 11893)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.3 - 29, mean 28.2 °C (based on 126 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00274 - 0.01522), b=3.19 (2.99 - 3.39), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 419 [196, 1,089] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.27 [0.73, 2.50] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [17.4, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.155 [0.075, 0.326] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.4 [9.3, 56.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 146 [41, 497] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.63 [1.59, 4.26] mg/100g (wet weight);