Holocephali (quimeras) (chimaeras)
(Chimaeras) > Chimaeridae
(Shortnose chimaeras or ratfishes)
Etymology: Chimaera: Named for the mythological creature composed of parts of multiple animals, referring to their odd mix of characteristics. (See ETYFish); monstrosa: Latin for strange or grotesque, referring to its strange appearance, as if composed of parts of multiple animals. (See ETYFish).
More on author: Linnaeus.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
marinhas batidemersal; oceanódromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 40 - 1400 m (Ref. 104125), usually 300 - 500 m (Ref. 4443). Deep-water; 75°N - 27°N, 32°W - 35°E
Eastern Atlantic: northern Norway and Iceland, Skagerrak and Kattegat south to Morocco including western Mediterranean (some isolated records from eastern part), Azores and Madeira Islands. Records from South Africa are questionable. Reported from Oshima, Japan (FMNH 89161) (Ref. 27954).
Comprimento de primeira maturação / Tamanho / Peso / Idade
Maturity: Lm 45.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 35388); peso máx. publicado: 2.5 kg (Ref. 4645)
Bathydemersal to benthopelagic generally between 300 and 500 m depth. Found in the upper continental slope. Usually found in deeper waters in southern latitudes, while making a summer inshore migration up to 40-100 m in the northern areas. Sluggish, usually occurring in small groups. Feeds mainly on bottom-living invertebrates. The single dorsal spine is sharp and pointed, and although only mildly venomous can inflict a painful wound. Oviparous. Males have a clasper on the forehead that is probably used to hold on to the female during copulation. Egg capsules are about 17 cm long; young look alike adults and hatch when 10 cm long. Common by-catch when trawling for shrimps in the North Sea or Skaggerak.
Ciclo de vida ou comportamento de acasalamento
Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas
Oviparous; egg-capsules slender, club-shaped with narrow lateral membranes and a horny filament at the long pointed end, 17 cm long and 3 cm wide; deposited mainly in spring and summer. The embryos developing in about 9-12 months and hatch at 10 cm length.
Krefft, G., 1990. Chimaeridae. p. 111-113. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4443)
Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 126983)
Ameaça para os humanos
Traumatogenic (Ref. 4690)
Uso pelos humanos
Pescarias: pouco comercial
ReferênciasAquaculturaPerfil para aquaculturaEstirpesGenéticaFrequências alélicasHereditariedadeDoençasProcessamentoNutrientsConversão de massa
Fontes da internet
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 3.7 - 14.1, mean 7.9 °C (based on 179 cells).
Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00209 (0.00120 - 0.00362), b=3.09 (2.93 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 16.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179
): Baixo, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 4,5 - 14 anos (Assuming Fec <100;).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 7.33 [2.04, 25.54] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.33 [0.11, 0.85] mg/100g ; Protein = 14.7 [9.9, 18.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.239 [0.093, 0.622] g/100g ; Selenium = 22 [6, 73] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 5.79 [1.22, 27.56] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.326 [0.169, 0.636] mg/100g (wet weight);