Chimaera monstrosa, Rabbit fish : fisheries

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Chimaera monstrosa Linnaeus, 1758

Rabbit fish
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Chimaera monstrosa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Chimaera monstrosa
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分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

全頭亜鋼 (chimaeras) > Chimaeriformes (Chimaeras) > Chimaeridae (Shortnose chimaeras or ratfishes)
Etymology: Chimaera: Latin, chimaera = marine monster, 1634 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 深海魚; 海洋回遊性 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 40 - 1400 m (Ref. 104125), usually 300 - 500 m (Ref. 4443).   Deep-water; 75°N - 27°N, 32°W - 35°E

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Eastern Atlantic: northern Norway and Iceland, Skagerrak and Kattegat south to Morocco including western Mediterranean (some isolated records from eastern part), Azores and Madeira Islands. Records from South Africa are questionable. Reported from Oshima, Japan (FMNH 89161) (Ref. 27954).

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm 45.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 35388); 最大公表体重: 2.5 kg (Ref. 4645)

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Bathydemersal to benthopelagic generally between 300 and 500 m depth. Found in the upper continental slope. Usually found in deeper waters in southern latitudes, while making a summer inshore migration up to 40-100 m in the northern areas. Sluggish, usually occurring in small groups. Feeds mainly on bottom-living invertebrates. The single dorsal spine is sharp and pointed, and although only mildly venomous can inflict a painful wound. Oviparous. Males have a clasper on the forehead that is probably used to hold on to the female during copulation. Egg capsules are about 17 cm long; young look alike adults and hatch when 10 cm long. Common by-catch when trawling for shrimps in the North Sea or Skaggerak.

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Oviparous; egg-capsules slender, club-shaped with narrow lateral membranes and a horny filament at the long pointed end, 17 cm long and 3 cm wide; deposited mainly in spring and summer. The embryos developing in about 9-12 months and hatch at 10 cm length.

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Krefft, G., 1990. Chimaeridae. p. 111-113. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4443)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 123251)

  攻撃されやすい (VU) (A2bd); Date assessed: 02 September 2019

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 4690)





Human uses

水産業: 少数商業の
FAO - 水産業: landings; Publication: search | FIRMS - Stock assessments | FishSource | 私達の周りの海

より多くの情報

共通名の
類義語
代謝
捕食動物
生態毒性
繁殖
成熟
放精
卵の集合体
生産力

卵の開発
Age/Size
成長
体長-重さ
Length-length
体長組成
形態計測学
形態学
幼生
幼生の動力
補充
豊度
BRUVS
参考文献
水産養殖
水産養殖の紹介
緊張
遺伝子の
対立遺伝子頻度
遺伝
病気
行列
Nutrients
Mass conversion
協力者
画像
Stamps, Coins Misc.

シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
速度
泳ぐ 型式
カマ
Otoliths

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インターネットの情報源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: 部類, | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - 水産業: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: ゲノム, ヌクレオチド | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国のデーターベース | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 生命の木 | Wikipedia: 行く, 検索する | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 動物に関する記録

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 3.7 - 14.1, mean 7.9 °C (based on 179 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00219 (0.00126 - 0.00381), b=3.08 (2.93 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 16.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低い, 4.5年~14年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Assuming Fec <100;).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (74 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Low.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 8.03 [1.61, 24.05] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.218 [0.074, 0.540] mg/100g ; Protein = 14.9 [9.9, 18.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.218 [0.095, 0.515] g/100g ; Selenium = 20.5 [1.9, 65.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 7.37 [1.80, 27.66] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.332 [0.174, 0.876] mg/100g (wet weight);