Arapaima gigas, Arapaima : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish, aquarium

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Arapaima gigas (Schinz, 1822)

Arapaima
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Arapaima gigas
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Osteoglossidae (Arowanas) > Herorotidinae
Etymology: Arapaima: From tupí-guaraní, arapaima (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 居于水底的; pH range: 6.0 - 6.5; dH range: 10 - ?.   熱帶; 25°C - 29°C (Ref. 2060); 5°N - 11°S

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

South America: Amazon River basin. International trade restricted (CITES II, since 1.7.75). The active fishing of this fish has reduced both the population size, and occurrence of large individuals, especially around the populated regions of the Amazon (Ref. 50891).
南美洲: 亞馬遜河流域。 國際間的買賣限制。 ( 引用2, 自從 1.7.75 以後) 這一個魚的活躍釣魚已經縮小的兩者族群大小, 與大個體的發生尤其在亞馬遜河的人口稠密區域周圍.(參考文獻 50891)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 145 - 154 cm
Max length : 450 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 6398); common length : 200 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 557); 最大体重: 200.0 kg (Ref. 557)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Often referred to as the largest freshwater fish. Builds a nest of about 15 cm depth and 50 cm width in sandy bottoms. Spawns in April and May and guards the eggs and the young. Obligate air breather. The fish rises to the surface of the water and inspires air in a noisy, distinctive gulp, which is reported to carry for long distances (Ref. 50891). Migrates into higher floodplain habitats with rising water and moves back eventually to lacustrine habitats during low water level (Ref. 116898). Threatened due to over harvesting (Ref. 58490).

时常被归属于最大的淡水鱼。 在砂质底部中建立一个大约 15 公分深与 50个公分宽的巢。 产卵在四月与五月而且保卫卵与幼鱼。 使负义务呼吸空气的鱼类。 鱼水上升到水面而且在吵杂又特殊的字节群中激发空气, 是报告长距离运送.(参考文献 50891)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

南美洲: 亞馬遜河流域。 國際間的買賣限制。 ( 引用2, 自從 1.7.75 以後) 這一個魚的活躍釣魚已經縮小的兩者族群大小, 與大個體的發生尤其在亞馬遜河的人口稠密區域周圍.(參考文獻 50891)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Ferraris, C.J. Jr., 2003. Arapaimatidae (Bonytongues). p. 31. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 50891)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  数据缺失 (DD) ; Date assessed: 01 August 1996

CITES (Ref. 123416)


CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 养殖: 商业性; 游钓鱼种: 是的; 水族馆: 公众的水族馆
FAO - 养殖: 产生; 渔业: landings; Publication: search | FishSource |

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俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
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体长-体重
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形态测量图
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仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5938   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00596 - 0.02017), b=2.94 (2.77 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 11.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (tm=4-6; Fec=47,000).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 38.2 [18.5, 92.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.808 [0.489, 1.530] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.6 [14.1, 19.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.294 [0.131, 0.684] g/100g ; Selenium = 125 [44, 359] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 18.4 [5.4, 69.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.643 [0.378, 1.031] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.