Caranx lugubris, Black jack : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

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Caranx lugubris Poey, 1860

Black jack
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Caranx lugubris   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Caranx lugubris (Black jack)
Caranx lugubris
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Carangiformes (Jacks) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Caranx: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Poey.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien benthopelagisch; oceanodroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding 12 - 354 m (Ref. 9710), usually 24 - 65 m (Ref. 5217).   Subtropical; 30°N - 30°S, 180°W - 180°E

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Circumtropical. Western Indian Ocean: off Natal and East London in South Africa (Ref. 3197, 11228); Reunion, Mauritius and Cargados Carajos (Ref. 33390); Seychelles (Ref. 10685). Western Pacific: southern Japan to New Caledonia. Recently reported from Tonga (Ref. 53797). Western Atlantic: Bermuda and the northern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Azores, Madeira, St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121), Ascension Island, Cape Verde, and Gulf of Guinea. Eastern Central Pacific: Mexico (including Revillagigedo Islands) to Costa Rica.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?, range 38 - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 7251); common length : 70.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 5217); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 17.9 kg (Ref. 40637)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 9; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 20-22; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 16 - 19.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

An oceanic and insular species, very much restricted to clear oceanic waters (Ref. 9283). Not commonly found in shallow banks (Ref. 9283). Sometimes seen near drop-off at outer edge of reefs (Ref. 26938). Occasionally forming schools. Feed on fishes at night (Ref. 5213). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233). Marketed mainly fresh, also dried or salted (Ref. 9283).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Medewerkers

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 August 2012

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 9710)





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 21 - 28.4, mean 27.1 °C (based on 1117 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.01422 - 0.02123), b=2.95 (2.92 - 2.98), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 9.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (K=0.12).
Prior r = 0.27, 95% CL = 0.16 - 0.47, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (60 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 21.3 [10.3, 49.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.458 [0.263, 0.954] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.7 [17.6, 22.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.368 [0.199, 0.687] g/100g ; Selenium = 34.8 [16.6, 81.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 30.7 [9.9, 99.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.383 [0.254, 0.611] mg/100g (wet weight);