Enchelyopus cimbrius, Fourbeard rockling : fisheries

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Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus, 1766)

Fourbeard rockling
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Enchelyopus cimbrius   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Fourbeard rockling)
Enchelyopus cimbrius
Picture by Svensen, R.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Gadiformes (Cods) > Gaidropsaridae (Rocklings)
Etymology: Enchelyopus: Greek, enchelys, = eel + Greek, pous = feet (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien demersaal; oceanodroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding 20 - 650 m (Ref. 6144), usually 20 - 50 m. Temperate; 73°N - 20°N, 99°W - 32°E (Ref. 1371)

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: from Norway, Greenland and Iceland south to British Isles and northern Bay of Biscay, including the North Sea and the southern Baltic Sea (70°N to 20°N). Western Atlantic: from Greenland to northern Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 125219). Reported from Estonia (Ref. 33247).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 25.0, range 15 - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 1371); common length : 30.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 1371); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 9 jaren (Ref. 1371)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Anale stekels 0. One barbel on chin, one on tip of snout, and one at each of the anterior nostril. First dorsal fin ray very elongate, followed by a row of small, fleshy filaments. Color varies from dusky to pale.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Sedentary bottom dwellers on muddy sand between patches of hard substrate, or on the soft, smooth ground of deep sinks on the continental slopes of both sides of the North Atlantic. Feed on flatfishes, amphipods, decapods, copepods, mysids, shrimps, isopods and other small crustaceans. Spawn in the Baltic Sea (Ref. 35388). Mixed with soups and other products hot-smoked (Ref. 1371).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Spawning has been recorded in waters less than 140 m deep. Fecundity ranges from 5,000 - 45,000.

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 July 2012

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Visserij: van minder commercieel belang
FAO - Visserij: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Bekijk FishWatcher gegevens | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genus, Soort(en) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Visserij: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genoom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale databanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Publieke aquaria | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: ga naar, zoek | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 4.1 - 13.8, mean 10 °C (based on 715 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00245 - 0.00678), b=3.07 (2.92 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (K=0.20-0.25; tm=3; tmax=9; Fec=5,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):  Low vulnerability (6 of 100).
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 47.5 [23.2, 97.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.281 [0.158, 0.533] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [15.9, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.395 [0.214, 0.718] g/100g ; Selenium = 20.4 [10.6, 44.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.9 [3.4, 40.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.635 [0.412, 1.024] mg/100g (wet weight);