Lethrinus borbonicus, Snubnose emperor : fisheries

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Lethrinus borbonicus Valenciennes, 1830

Snubnose emperor
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Lethrinus borbonicus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lethrinus borbonicus (Snubnose emperor)
Lethrinus borbonicus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Lethrinidae (Emperors or scavengers) > Lethrininae
Etymology: Lethrinus: Greek, lethrinia, a fish pertaining to genus Pagellus.  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina revassocierade; ej vandrande; djupintervall ? - 40 m (Ref. 9710).   Tropical; 30°N - 30°S, 33°E - 93°E

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf south to Durban, South Africa, then east to North Bay Reef, Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Reports of this species elsewhere are probably due to misidentification.

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm 21.3  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 2295); common length : 25.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 2295)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 10; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 9; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 8. The inner surface of the pectoral fin base is densely scaled; posterior angle of the operculum is fully scaled; cheeks without scales. Color of body is dark gray or yellow-brown, head is brown-gray. The centers of scales are lighter. Sometimes there is an irregular pattern of broken dusky bars becoming whitish on the lower part of the body. The pectoral and pelvic fins are white of pinkish. The dorsal and anal fins are mottled white or yellowish with reddish edge. The caudal fin has indistinct reddish bands.

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Found in sandy areas near reefs during daytime, sometimes in small groups. At night, they are solitary and range over reef-flats and slopes where they feed primarily on echinoderms, mollusks and crustaceans (Ref. 2295). The taxonomy of this species has been considerably confused.

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Exhibits juvenile hermaphroditism (Ref. 107020).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Carpenter, K.E. and G.R. Allen, 1989. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 9. Emperor fishes and large-eye breams of the world (family Lethrinidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lethrinid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(9):118 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 2295)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 28 June 2018

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell
FAO - fiskeri: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

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Internet-källor

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Släkte, Arter | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - fiskeri: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, sök | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.5 - 29.2, mean 27.2 °C (based on 250 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00677 - 0.03085), b=2.99 (2.82 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.41 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Hög, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mindre än 15 månader (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 61.3 [40.7, 101.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.15 [0.74, 1.68] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.4 [18.2, 22.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.135 [0.095, 0.196] g/100g ; Selenium = 52.3 [30.8, 89.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 12.1 [2.9, 69.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.31 [1.60, 3.27] mg/100g (wet weight);