Lethrinus borbonicus, Snubnose emperor : fisheries

You can sponsor this page

Lethrinus borbonicus Valenciennes, 1830

Snubnose emperor
把你的觀察加入 Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Lethrinus borbonicus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
上傳你的 相片 和 影像
Pictures | Google 影像
Image of Lethrinus borbonicus (Snubnose emperor)
Lethrinus borbonicus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) 鱸形目 (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Lethrinidae (Emperors or scavengers) 裸頰鯛科 (Emperors or scavengers) > Lethrininae
Etymology: Lethrinus: Greek, lethrinia, a fish pertaining to genus Pagellus.  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 非遷移的; 深度上下限 ? - 40 m (Ref. 9710).   熱帶; 30°N - 30°S, 33°E - 93°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf south to Durban, South Africa, then east to North Bay Reef, Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Reports of this species elsewhere are probably due to misidentification.
西印度洋: 包括紅海與波斯灣到留尼旺島。 這種其他地方的報告是可能由於錯誤的鑑定。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 21.3  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 2295); common length : 25.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 2295)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 10; 背的軟條 (總數): 9; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 8. The inner surface of the pectoral fin base is densely scaled; posterior angle of the operculum is fully scaled; cheeks without scales. Color of body is dark gray or yellow-brown, head is brown-gray. The centers of scales are lighter. Sometimes there is an irregular pattern of broken dusky bars becoming whitish on the lower part of the body. The pectoral and pelvic fins are white of pinkish. The dorsal and anal fins are mottled white or yellowish with reddish edge. The caudal fin has indistinct reddish bands.
胸鰭基底的內面覆滿鱗片; 鰓蓋的在後部角是完全覆蓋著鱗片; 頰沒有鱗片。 身體顏色較深灰色的顏色或黃褐色, 頭部是褐灰色的。 鱗片中央是顏色淡的。 有時有在身體的下面部份上變成微白色的一個斷掉暗色的條紋不規則圖案。 胸鰭與腹鰭是白色的略帶桃色的。 背鰭與臀鰭有白色斑點的或者淡黃色的有淡紅的色彩邊緣。 尾鰭有不明顯的淡紅條紋。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in sandy areas near reefs during daytime, sometimes in small groups. At night, they are solitary and range over reef-flats and slopes where they feed primarily on echinoderms, mollusks and crustaceans (Ref. 2295). The taxonomy of this species has been considerably confused.

發現於礁區附近的沙地在白天期間了, 有時形成小群魚群。 在晚上,他們是獨居性的而且排列礁石平臺之上與斜坡在那裡它們主要捕食棘皮動物,軟體動物與甲殼動物.(參考文獻 2295) 這種的分類學已經非常地被混亂。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Exhibits juvenile hermaphroditism (Ref. 107020).西印度洋: 包括紅海與波斯灣到留尼旺島。 這種其他地方的報告是可能由於錯誤的鑑定。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Carpenter, K.E. and G.R. Allen, 1989. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 9. Emperor fishes and large-eye breams of the world (family Lethrinidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lethrinid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(9):118 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 2295)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 28 June 2018

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 低經濟
FAO - 漁業: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | 周邊海洋

更多資訊

國家
FAO區域
生態系
發現紀錄
簡介
Stocks
生態學
食性
食物相
食物消耗量
定量
俗名
同種異名
新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
產卵群集
孕卵數

卵發育
年龄/大小
成長
長度-重量
長度-長度
長度-頻率
形態測量圖
型態特徵
仔魚
稚魚動力學
入添量
豐度
BRUVS
參考文獻
養殖
養殖資訊
品種
遺傳學
基因序列
遺傳率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
聲音
神經毒
速度
泳型
鰓區
Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

工具

特別的報告

下載 XML

網路資源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - 漁業: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因組, 核甘 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia: , 搜尋 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.5 - 29.2, mean 27.2 °C (based on 250 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00677 - 0.03085), b=2.99 (2.82 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.41 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 61.3 [40.7, 101.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.15 [0.74, 1.68] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.4 [18.2, 22.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.135 [0.095, 0.196] g/100g ; Selenium = 52.3 [30.8, 89.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 12.1 [2.9, 69.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.31 [1.60, 3.27] mg/100g (wet weight);