Merluccius paradoxus, Deep-water Cape hake : fisheries

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Merluccius paradoxus Franca, 1960

Deep-water Cape hake
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Merluccius paradoxus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Merluccius paradoxus (Deep-water Cape hake)
Merluccius paradoxus
Picture by Bañón Díaz, R.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Gadiformes (Cods) > Merlucciidae (Merluccid hakes)
Etymology: Merluccius: Latin, mar, maris = the sea + Latin, lucius = pike (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien bathydemersaal; standvastig; diepteverspreiding 200 - 1000 m (Ref. 6605), usually 400 - ? m (Ref. 58452).   Deep-water; 18°S - 38°S, 11°E - 46°E (Ref. 58452)

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Southeast Atlantic: Cape Frio, Namibia south to the Agulhas Bank and east to East London in South Africa. Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar Ridge (33°S,44°E).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 47.8  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 115 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 27121); common length : 60.0 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 1371)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 1; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 42-50; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 38 - 41. Body more slender than other hakes. Head large, about 25 to 30% of SL. Gill rakers short and thick with blunt tips. Pectoral fin tips reaching to level of anal fin origin. Color is steel gray on back, grading to silvery white ventrally.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Found near the bottom. Feeds on fishes, mysids, euphausiids and squids. Young feed mainly on euphausiids, but the diet becomes polyphagous with growth. Cannibalism has been observed in larger individuals (Ref. 9583).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 6.2 - 12, mean 7.5 °C (based on 17 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00354 - 0.00815), b=3.09 (2.96 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.9   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 4,5-14 jaar (K=0.09-0.12).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 8.34 [3.36, 21.29] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.217 [0.099, 0.457] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [16.6, 18.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.155 [0.081, 0.287] g/100g ; Selenium = 30.9 [14.2, 71.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 16.7 [4.1, 68.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.203 [0.135, 0.313] mg/100g (wet weight);