Syngnathus acus, Greater pipefish

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Syngnathus acus Linnaeus 1758

Greater pipefish
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Syngnathus acus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Syngnathus acus
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Classification / Names Κοινά ονόματα | Συνώνυμα | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Syngnathus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, gnathos = jaw (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Οικολογία

; Θαλασσινό(ά); Υφάλμυρο βενθικό(ς); μη μεταναστευτικό(ά) (Ref. 88171); εύρος βάθους 0 - 110 m (Ref. 4281), usually 3 - 12 m.   Subtropical; 71°N - 35°S, 19°W - 42°E

Κατανομή Χώρες | Περιοχές FAO | Οικοσυστήματα | Παρουσίες | Point map | Εισαγωγές | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway, Faroes and British Isles to Western Sahara, Senegambia, and from Namibia to Cape of Good Hope and northward to the coast of Zululand in the western Indian Ocean (Ref. 4127). Also throughout the Mediterranean, Aegean and Black seas. Despite literature records, occurrence in the Indo-Pacific outside South African waters lacks conclusive evidence (Ref. 4281).

Length at first maturity / Μέγεθος / Βάρος / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 7 - 25.6 cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL αρσενικό/απροσδιόριστο; (Ref. 35388)

Short description Μορφολογία | Μορφομετρία

Ραχιαίες άκανθες (συνολικά): 0; Μαλακές ραχιαίες ακτίνες (συνολικά): 33-42; Εδρικές άκανθες 0; Μαλακές εδρικές ακτίνες: 3. Light greenish to dark brown in color with variable markings (Ref. 4281). Snout cylindrical, equal to or less than eye diameter. With 18 - 19 body rings between head and dorsal fin (Ref. 35388). The snake pipefish (Entelurus aequoreus) is distinguished by the lack of pectoral and anal fins (Ref. 88171). An elongated bump on top of head behind eye (Ref. 59043).

Βιολογία     Γλωσσάρι (π.χ. epibenthic)

Found in coastal and estuarine waters to depths of at least 110 m (Ref. 4281); on sand, mud and rough bottoms. Common amongst algae and eel-grass (Zostera) (Refs. 4146, 6733, 88187). Feeds mainly on small crustaceans (Ref. 85544).

Life cycle and mating behavior Γεννητική Ωρίμανση | Αναπαραγωγή | Γεννοβολία | Αβγά | Γονιμότητα | Προνύμφες

Ovoviviparous; reproducing on average 3 times each year (Ref. 89328). Several females depositing partial clutches to a male’s brood pouch under the tail (Refs. 205, 31201). Up to 400 eggs may be found in a single pouch (Ref. 89329). Brooding males occur mainly between May and July (Refs. 31201, 58137). During the breeding season, both males and females were observed to remain low amongst the seagrass in one meadow (Ref. 31201). Gestation period lasts about 5 weeks and size at birth is 1.7- 3.5 cm (Refs. 58137, 88187, 89330). Aquarium experiments have shown that new born young are benthic, remaining close to the bottom Ref. 89330).

Main reference Upload your references | Αναφορές | Συντονιστής | Συνεργάτες

Dawson, C.E., 1986. Syngnathidae. p. 628-639. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 2. Unesco, Paris. (Ref. 6733)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 07 May 2013

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

αλιεία: χωρίς ενδιαφέρον
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Περισσότερες πληροφορίες

Age/Size
Αύξηση
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Μορφομετρία
Μορφολογία
Προνύμφες
Δυναμική προνυμφών
Στρατολόγηση
Αφθονία
BRUVS
Αναφορές
Υδατοκαλλιέργειες
Προφίλ υδατοκαλλιέργειας
Στελέχοι
Γενετική
Συχνότητες αλληλόμορφων
Κληρονομικότητα
Ασθένειες
Μεταποίηση
Mass conversion
Συνεργάτες
Φωτογραφίες
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Ήχοι
Σιγκουατέρα
Ταχύτητα
Κολυμβητικός Τύπος
Επιφάνεια βραγχίων
Otoliths
Εγκέφαλοι
Όραση

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Διαδικτυακές πηγές

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 10.3 - 22.6, mean 17.7 °C (based on 934 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00026 (0.00020 - 0.00033), b=3.19 (3.13 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Τροφικό Επίπεδο (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Ελαστικότητα (Ref. 120179):  Μεσαίο(α), ελάχιστος χρόνος για διπλασιασμό πληθυσμού 1,4 - 4,4 έτη (Fec=200).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .