Acanthemblemaria maria, Secretary blenny

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Acanthemblemaria maria Böhlke, 1961

Secretary blenny
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Acanthemblemaria maria   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Acanthemblemaria maria
Picture by Greenfield, J.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Blenniiformes (Blennies) > Chaenopsidae (Pike-, tube- and flagblennies)
Etymology: Acanthemblemaria: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, emblema, -atos, anything that is nailed, knocked in; also anything with bass or high relief (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类.   热带; 18°N - 10°N, 90°W - 58°W (Ref. 56273)

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Western Central Atlantic: Bahamas (Ref. 5521) to Tobago.
中西大西洋: 到托贝哥岛的巴哈马 (参考文献 5521)。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.1 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5521)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

臀棘 2. Species distinguished by: sides of body with series of dark bands or large oval blotches; top of head often spiny; patch of cranial spines on nape extends posterior to supratemporal commissural pore, almost to dorsal-fin origin; inner rim of posterior infraorbital bone spinous or with tuberculate spines; two or more rows of teeth on each palatine bone; dorsal fin consisting of spines and segmented rays; total dorsal-fin elements 29 to 40. Common amongst Chaenopsids: small elongate fishes; largest species about 12 cm SL, most under 5 cm SL. Head usually with cirri or fleshy flaps on anterior nostrils, eyes, and sometimes laterally on nape; gill membranes continuous with each other across posteroventral surface of head. Each jaw with canine-like or incisor-like teeth anteriorly; teeth usually also present on vomer and often on palatines (roof of mouth). Dorsal-fin spines flexible, usually outnumbering the segmented soft rays (numbering 7 to 37), spinous and segmented-rayed portions forming a single, continuous fin; 2 flexible spines in anal fin; pelvic fins inserted anterior to position of pectoral fins, with 1 spine not visible externally and only 2 or 3 segmented (soft) rays; all fin rays, including caudal-fin rays, unbranched (simple). Lateral line absent. Scales absent (Ref.52855).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits limestone slopes rather than patch reefs and these slopes are usually dotted with small brain corals, stinging coral, sea fans, whips, and sea urchins (Ref. 5521).

栖息于石灰石斜坡而不是礁坪; 这些斜坡通常有小的脑珊瑚,刺人的珊瑚,海扇,鞭与海胆斑点。 (参考文献 5521)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

中西大西洋: 到托贝哥岛的巴哈马 (参考文献 5521)。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Williams, Jeffrey T. | 合作者

Böhlke, J.E. and C.C.G. Chaplin, 1993. Fishes of the Bahamas and adjacent tropical waters. 2nd edition. University of Texas Press, Austin. (Ref. 5521)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 18 October 2007

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 27.4 - 28.4, mean 28 °C (based on 142 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00184 - 0.01190), b=3.08 (2.86 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 ().
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 156 [77, 316] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.933 [0.544, 1.711] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [17.0, 19.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.139 [0.072, 0.275] g/100g ; Selenium = 21.3 [9.2, 45.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 359 [117, 1,063] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.02 [1.27, 3.17] mg/100g (wet weight);