Ilisha melastoma, Indian ilisha : fisheries

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Ilisha melastoma (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Indian ilisha
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Ilisha melastoma   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Ilisha melastoma (Indian ilisha)
Ilisha melastoma
Picture by Osmany, H.B.

Classification / Names आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes(वर्ग, प्रजाति) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Pristigasteridae (Pristigasterids)
Etymology: Ilisha: An Indian name.  More on authors: Bloch & Schneider.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range पारिस्थितिकी

; समुद्री; खारा; ऐम्फिढरोमस (Ref. 51243); गहराई सीमा 0 - 50 m (Ref. 188).   Tropical; 29°N - 8°S, 72°E - 124°E (Ref. 188)

वितरण देश | ऐफ ऐ ओ क्षेत्र | Ecosystems | संयोग | Point map | भूमिका | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Indian Ocean (Malabar coast to Calcutta), Java Sea (off Java), Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819), South China Sea (Singapore, Gulf of Thailand), East China Sea (north to Taiwan Island).

आकार / वज़न / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm SL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 108866)

Short description आकृति विज्ञान | मौरफोमैटरिक्स

पृष्ठीय रीढ़ (सम्पूर्ण): 0; गुदा कांटा 0; ऐनल सौफट रेज़: 35 - 48. Belly with usually 17 to 21 + 8 or 9, total 25 to 30 scutes. Eye large, lower jaw projecting. Dorsal fin origin a little before midpoint of body; anal fin origin under hind part of dorsal fin base. Vertical striae on scales traversing whole scale or overlapping across center of scale. Swim bladder with two tubes passing back in the muscles on either side of haemal spines.

जीवविज्ञान     शब्द संग्रह (उदाहरणार्थ epibenthic)

Occurs in coastal waters but enters estuaries and presumably able to tolerate lowered salinities. Feeds on plankton (probably small crustaceans, etc.).

Life cycle and mating behavior परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा

Main reference Upload your references | संदर्भ | संयोजक | सहयोगीयो

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 28 February 2017

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

मात्स्यिकी: लघु वाणिज्य
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

अधिक जानकारी

आम नाम
उपशब्द
चपायचय
परभक्षी
ईकोटोकसीकोलौजी
पुनरुत्पत्ति
परिपक्व अवधि
मछलीऔ का अंडे देना
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
अंडे
Egg development
संदर्भ
जलीयकृषि
जलीयकृषि रूपरेखा
खींच
आनुवंशिकी
ऐल्लि आवृतियाँ
हैरेटिबिलटी
बीमारी
प्रक्रमण
Nutrients
Mass conversion
सहयोगीयो
तस्वीरे
Stamps, Coins Misc.
ध्वनि
सिगुयटिरा
रफ्तार
तैरने के प्रकार
गिल क्षेत्र
Otoliths
दिमाग
दृष्टि

साधन

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इंटरनेट स्रोत

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25 - 29.2, mean 28.6 °C (based on 752 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00535 - 0.01418), b=3.05 (2.91 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.47 se; based on food items.
लौटाव (Ref. 120179):  ऊंचा, न्यूनतम जनसंख्या दुगनी समय अवलागत 15 महीने। (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 307 [164, 541] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.8 [1.1, 3.1] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [16.9, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.905 [0.407, 2.057] g/100g ; Selenium = 44.7 [20.3, 100.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 23.3 [7.9, 57.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.97 [1.37, 2.85] mg/100g (wet weight);