Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 630 - 2165 m (Ref. 6187). Deep-water; 42°N - 4°S, 98°W - 10°E
Atlantic Ocean: Eastern Atlantic: Gulf of Guinea, off Mauritania, Canary Islands, off Portugal, Morocco, and Azores. Western Atlantic: off the east coast of Florida, Straits of Florida, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean Sea. Reported off the Guianas (Ref. 13608).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6187)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Brownish in color. Mouth and gill chamber dark brown to black. Dark median stripe on the gill lamellae (Ref. 37108).
Feeds on small crustaceans (Ref. 6187).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Geistdoerfer, P., 1990. Macrouridae. p. 541-563. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3587)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.4 - 8.5, mean 5.2 °C (based on 189 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00363 (0.00139 - 0.00949), b=3.11 (2.88 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.30 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .