Konosirus punctatus, Dotted gizzard shad : fisheries

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Konosirus punctatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)

Dotted gizzard shad
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Konosirus punctatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Konosirus punctatus (Dotted gizzard shad)
Konosirus punctatus
Picture by Liu, J.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Clupeiformes (Herrings) 鯡形目 (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) 鯡科 (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Konosirus: Japanese, konoshiro, a fish eaten in Kumihama City, in the Sea of Japan.  More on authors: Temminck & Schlegel.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 半鹹淡水; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243).   亞熱帶的; 42°N - 23°N, 117°E - 138°E (Ref. 54453)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: coasts of Japan from about 38°N southward; Sea of Japan north to Vladivostok on mainland; also Yellow Sea, including Gulf of Pohai and East China Sea south to Taiwan Island and Hong Kong).
印度-西太平洋: 日本海岸從大約 38 ° N 南方; 日本海在大陸上北至海參崴; 也黃海, 包括渤海灣與東中國海南至台灣島與香港).

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?, range 15 - ? cm
Max length : 32.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 593)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 192 - 27. Body moderately slender, moderately compressed, belly with 17 to 21 (usually 19 or 20) + 12 to 16 (usually 14 or 15), total 32 to 37 (usually 34 or 35) scutes; no pre-dorsal scutes. Snout projecting slightly; gill rakers of first arch at least 3/4 length of gill filaments. Vertebrae 46 to 51 (usually 49, also 48 or 51). A dark spot behind gill opening, followed by several lines of dark dots.
身體一般細長﹐中等側扁, 腹面有 17 到 21(通常 19 或 20)+12 到 16(通常 14 或 15), 總數 32 到 37(通常 34 或 35)個鱗甲; 沒有前背部的鱗甲。 吻突出的些微地; 第一鰓弓至少的鰓耙鰓絲的 3/4 長度。 脊椎骨 46 到 51.(通常 49, 也 48 或 51) 一個深色斑點在後鰓裂,跟隨著幾條黑的點組成的線了。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found off coasts and in bays, but migrating into shallower brackish water for breeding, at least in Ariake Sound (south Kyushu), where spawning takes place far up the Sound in April and May. Individuals apparently spawn twice or more during the season.

發現外海的海岸與在海灣中, 但是迴游進入較水淺的半淡鹹水內繁殖, 至少在有明海 (九州南方部), 在哪裡產卵發生在四月與五月向上遠達聲音。 個體在季節期間顯然地產卵兩次或更多次。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

印度-西太平洋: 日本海岸從大約 38 ° N 南方; 日本海在大陸上北至海參崴; 也黃海, 包括渤海灣與東中國海南至台灣島與香港).

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 28 February 2017

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 低經濟
FAO - 養殖: 產生; 漁業: landings, 魚種描繪; Publication: search | FishSource | 周邊海洋

更多資訊

俗名
同種異名
新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
產卵群集
孕卵數

卵發育
參考文獻
養殖
養殖資訊
品種
遺傳學
基因序列
遺傳率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
聲音
神經毒
速度
泳型
鰓區
Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

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網路資源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - 養殖: 產生; 漁業: landings, 魚種描繪; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因組, 核甘 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 國家資料庫 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia: , 搜尋 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.1 - 23.8, mean 20.3 °C (based on 86 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00603 - 0.01378), b=3.04 (2.92 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.24 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Assuming tm=1).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Low.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 111 [61, 215] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.71 [1.50, 4.84] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [17.2, 19.5] % ; Omega3 = 1.3 [0.6, 2.8] g/100g ; Selenium = 21.4 [8.6, 45.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 20.1 [6.3, 66.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.33 [0.88, 2.08] mg/100g (wet weight);