Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Synaphobranchidae
(Cutthroat eels) > Ilyophinae
Etymology: Dysomma: Greek, dys, dyo = two + Greek, omma = eye.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 750 - 1425 m (Ref. 9942), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean: endemic to the Red Sea. Gene flow between the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden can be excluded.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Larvae do not seem to live in shallow water.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Klausewitz, W., 1994. Comparative studies on the vertical distribution of bathybenthic deep-sea fishes of the Red Sea. Proc. IPFC 4:462-468. (Ref. 9942)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.6 - 21.8, mean 21.7 °C (based on 7 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .