Microthrissa moeruensis, Lake Mweru sprat : fisheries

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Microthrissa moeruensis (Poll, 1948)

Lake Mweru sprat
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Image of Microthrissa moeruensis (Lake Mweru sprat)
Microthrissa moeruensis
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Microthrissa: Grek, mikros = small + Greek, thrissa, -es = shad (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Poll.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水 大洋性. 熱帶; 6°S - 10°S

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Africa: endemic to Lake Mweru (Ref. 188, 28136) in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 47399) and Zambia (Ref. 52959).
非洲: 在非洲西方部的湖 Mweru 的特有種。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.1 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 246)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 12-15; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 15 - 22; 脊椎骨: 39 - 41. Diagnosis: Body slender, its depth about 20-25% of standard length; scutes strongly keeled, beginning just behind base of last pectoral fin ray, about 10-12 pre-pelvic and 5-8 post-pelvic scutes; snout rather pointed; lower jaw not or slightly projecting, with small teeth limited to anterior part; pre-maxillae with a single row of 11-24 small conical teeth directed inwards; maxilla slender, its blade a little more than 3 times longer than deep, upper edge a little ridged; posterior supra-maxilla slender, spatulate, with distinct anterior shaft, shaft longer than blade; lower gillrakers 18-20 (Ref. 188, 47399). Also characterized by 33-40 scales in a longitudinal series and anal fin with 15-22 rays (Ref. 47399, 93833). It resembles small Microthrissa congica, which has a much blunter snout and less scales in a longitudinal series, 26-35 vs. 33-40 (Ref. 188, 47399).
身体细长的; 鳞甲 (大约 18) 有明显的龙骨, 最后胸鳍鳍条的初期在基底正后方。 吻相当尖; 下颌些微突出, 有小的齿; 前颚具有一个单列的小齿; 具有叶片的颚骨稍微超过 3 倍深地,上缘稍微脊; 第二个上颚骨细长的,竹片状的, 具有一个明显的前面轴。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

A lacustrine species, but perhaps also in small streams or rivers feeding Lake Mweru (Ref. 188).

一个湖泊的鱼种但是可能也在小的溪流或河中进食湖 Mweru 。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

非洲: 在非洲西方部的湖 Mweru 的特有種。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Gourène, G. and G.G. Teugels, 1989. Révision systématique du genre Microthrissa Boulenger, 1902 des eaux douces africaines (Pisces, Clupeidae). Rev. Hydrobiol. Trop. 22(2):129-156. (Ref. 47399)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  次级保育类动物, 见 IUCN 红皮书 (VU) (B1ab(v)); Date assessed: 16 February 2009

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00425 - 0.01868), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Low.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 795 [379, 1,701] mg/100g ; Iron = 4.59 [2.49, 8.22] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [17.1, 19.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.823 [0.292, 2.321] g/100g ; Selenium = 30.4 [10.4, 88.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 71.1 [24.0, 223.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 3.19 [2.00, 5.21] mg/100g (wet weight);