Microthrissa moeruensis, Lake Mweru sprat : fisheries

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Microthrissa moeruensis (Poll, 1948)

Lake Mweru sprat
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Microthrissa moeruensis
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> Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Microthrissa: Grek, mikros = small + Greek, thrissa, -es = shad (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Poll.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 新鮮な水 外洋の. Tropical; 6°S - 10°S

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Africa: endemic to Lake Mweru (Ref. 188, 28136) in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 47399) and Zambia (Ref. 52959).

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.1 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 246)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 0; 背鰭 (合計): 12-15; 肛門の骨 0; 臀鰭: 15 - 22; 脊つい: 39 - 41. Diagnosis: Body slender, its depth about 20-25% of standard length; scutes strongly keeled, beginning just behind base of last pectoral fin ray, about 10-12 pre-pelvic and 5-8 post-pelvic scutes; snout rather pointed; lower jaw not or slightly projecting, with small teeth limited to anterior part; pre-maxillae with a single row of 11-24 small conical teeth directed inwards; maxilla slender, its blade a little more than 3 times longer than deep, upper edge a little ridged; posterior supra-maxilla slender, spatulate, with distinct anterior shaft, shaft longer than blade; lower gillrakers 18-20 (Ref. 188, 47399). Also characterized by 33-40 scales in a longitudinal series and anal fin with 15-22 rays (Ref. 47399, 93833). It resembles small Microthrissa congica, which has a much blunter snout and less scales in a longitudinal series, 26-35 vs. 33-40 (Ref. 188, 47399).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

A lacustrine species, but perhaps also in small streams or rivers feeding Lake Mweru (Ref. 188).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Gourène, G. and G.G. Teugels, 1989. Révision systématique du genre Microthrissa Boulenger, 1902 des eaux douces africaines (Pisces, Clupeidae). Rev. Hydrobiol. Trop. 22(2):129-156. (Ref. 47399)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 125652)

  攻撃されやすい (VU) (B1ab(v)); Date assessed: 16 February 2009

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 少数商業の
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00425 - 0.01868), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高い, 15か月以下の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Low.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 795 [379, 1,701] mg/100g ; Iron = 4.59 [2.49, 8.22] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [17.1, 19.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.823 [0.292, 2.321] g/100g ; Selenium = 30.4 [10.4, 88.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 71.1 [24.0, 223.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 3.19 [2.00, 5.21] mg/100g (wet weight);