Elasmobranchi (squali e razze) (sharks and rays)
(Skates and rays) > Rajidae
Etymology: More on author: Ogilby.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
marino batidemersale; distribuzione batimetrica 135 - 400 m (Ref. 114953). Subtropical; 18°S - 24°S, 148°E - 154°E (Ref. 114953)
Western Pacific: off Queensland, eastern Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Peso / Age
Maturity: Lm 28.0, range 26 - 30 cm
Max length : 36.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 6871)
Morfologia | Morfometria
Dorsal surface pinkish brown to greyish brown with irregular clusters of small, dark, white-edged spots. Ventral surface pale, occasionally with dark patches around mouth and central disc. Dorsal fins uniform pale brown. Disc quadrangular, broader than long. Snout short to moderate. Tail of medium length, depressed, slender; lateral skin folds well developed. Nuchal thorn small. Orbital thorns usually absent from mid-eye, usually less than 5 in mature specimens. Mature males with denticles along anterolateral margin.
Found on the outer continental shelf and upper slopes. Bottom-dweller which feeds on invertebrates, mainly on crustaceans such as shrimps and prawns (Ref. 114953) and bony fish (Ref. 9908). Oviparous (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205). Males reaches maturity at ca. 30 cm TL, females at ca. 32 cm TL (Ref. 114953).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve
Oviparous (Ref. 9908). Paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994. Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia. 513 p. (Ref. 6871)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Age/SizeAccrescimentoLength-weightLength-lengthLength-frequenciesMorfometriaMorfologiaLarveDinamica popolazioni larvaliReclutamentoAbbondanzaBRUVS
BibliografiaAcquacolturaProfilo di acquacolturaVarietàGeneticaFrequenze allelicheEreditarietàMalattieElaborazioneNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 19.7 - 20.5, mean 19.8 °C (based on 6 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00324 (0.00152 - 0.00688), b=3.22 (3.05 - 3.39), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.61 se; based on food items.
Resilienza (Ref. 120179
): Basso, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 4.5 - 14 anni (Fec assumed to be <100).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100).