Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish. More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal; depth range - 15 m (Ref. 86942), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 24°N - 13°S, 106°E - 161°E (Ref. 55)
Asia and Oceania: known only from China, Philippines, Indonesia, New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. Reported from New Caledonia (Ref. 13235).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55)
soft rays: 8. Dorsal profile of head moderately sloped. Preorbital width about equal to, or slightly narrower than eye diameter. Preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Scale rows on back rising parallel to lateral line. Back and sides grayish-brown or olive, becoming whitish on belly. A prominent black blotch on the lateral line below the anterior soft dorsal-fin rays. Juveniles with a series of diffuse blackish bars on sides.
Adults inhabit freshwater streams and brackish, mangrove-lined estuaries. Juveniles upstream (Ref. 48635). Not reported from purely marine habitats.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00693 - 0.03016), b=2.98 (2.82 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .