Scolecenchelys breviceps, Short-headed worm eel

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Scolecenchelys breviceps (Günther, 1876)

Short-headed worm eel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Scolecenchelys breviceps   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scolecenchelys breviceps (Short-headed worm eel)
Scolecenchelys breviceps
Picture by CSIRO

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae (Snake eels) > Myrophinae
Etymology: Scolecenchelys: Greek, skolex = worm (1855) + Greek, enchlys, -yos = eel (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 0 - 156 m (Ref. 56887).   Temperate

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia, from Rottnest Island, Western Australia to Port Arthur, Tasmania. Southwest Pacific: New Zealand (Ref. 5755).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 9563)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Diagnosis: Moderately elongate with tail 58-63% of TL; dorsal fin arises slightly ahead of middle of preanal distance; blunt snout; large eye, 11-16 times in HL with posterior margin above or slightly in advance of corner of mouth; eye diameter less than interorbital distance; small, numerous teeth, conical and biserial anteriorly and uniserial posteriorly on jaws and vomer; color tan dorsally, pale ventrally, sharply delineated along mid-flank, anus not within a black spot; MVF 23/56/164; total vertebrae 161-167 (Ref. 56887).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Found inshore, in bays (Ref. 9563); burrowing, on soft bottoms (Ref. 7300). Caught under surface nightlights, and by trap, trawl, hook-and-line, and is occasionally discovered in fish stomachs; a benthic species living from tidepool depths to 156 meters (Ref. 56887).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : McCosker, John | Medewerkers

May, J.L. and J.G.H. Maxwell, 1986. Trawl fish from temperate waters of Australia. CSIRO Division of Fisheries Research, Tasmania. 492 p. (Ref. 9563)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 14.4 - 18.5, mean 16.8 °C (based on 370 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00076 (0.00029 - 0.00198), b=3.06 (2.83 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 16.4 [8.0, 30.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.232 [0.139, 0.395] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.1 [17.8, 22.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.367 [0.161, 0.961] g/100g ; Selenium = 14.1 [6.2, 30.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 54.7 [13.8, 239.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.467 [0.314, 0.716] mg/100g (wet weight);