Spinachia spinachia, Sea stickleback

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Spinachia spinachia (Linnaeus, 1758)

Sea stickleback
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Spinachia spinachia   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Spinachia spinachia (Sea stickleback)
Spinachia spinachia
Male picture by Svensen, E.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Perciformes/Gasterosteoidei (Sticklebacks) > Gasterosteidae (Sticklebacks and tubesnouts)
Etymology: Spinachia: Derived from Latin, spine = thorn (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin; saumâtre benthopélagique; non migrateur. Temperate; 71°N - 43°N, 11°W - 55°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: north-western Europe.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 4119)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 14 - 17. Front of body brassy-yellow in the male, with larger pectoral fins than in the female (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Adults live solitary or in pairs in weedy, shallow coastal areas (Ref. 4119). Feed on small invertebrates (Ref. 4119). Males build a nest from algae and debris, using kidney excrete as glue. Spawning season is May to June. Females deposit 150 - 200 eggs in the nest and often die shortly afterwards (Ref. 9900). Males care for and defend the nest. Offsprings reach maturity in one year (Ref. 4645).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Males build, guard and aerate the nest where the eggs are deposited (Ref. 205). Also Ref. 53335.

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Muus, B.J. and P. Dahlström, 1974. Collins guide to the sea fishes of Britain and North-Western Europe. Collins, London, UK. 244 p. (Ref. 173)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 28 January 2013

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: sans intérêt
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

Pays
Zones FAO
Écosystèmes
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Écologie
Régime alimentaire
Éléments du régime alimentaire
Consommation alimentaire
Ration
Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
BRUVS
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
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Outils

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Sources Internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genre, Espèce | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: génôme, nucléotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Bases de données nationales | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Aquariums publics | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia: aller à, chercher | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7.5 - 12.5, mean 9.9 °C (based on 512 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00437 (0.00181 - 0.01052), b=3.07 (2.86 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (K=1.78; tm=1).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .