Rhinoptera steindachneri, Pacific cownose ray : aquarium

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Rhinoptera steindachneri Evermann & Jenkins, 1891

Pacific cownose ray
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Rhinoptera steindachneri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Rhinoptera steindachneri (Pacific cownose ray)
Rhinoptera steindachneri
Picture by Béarez, P.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鰓亞綱 (鯊魚與魟魚) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Rhinopteridae (Cownose rays)
Etymology: Rhinoptera: Greek, rhinos = nose + Greek,pteron = fin, wing (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Evermann & Jenkins.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - 65 m (Ref. 117244), usually 0 - 25 m. 熱帶; 32°N - 5°S, 117°W - 76°W

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Costa Rica and the Galapagos Islands. Probably occurring elsewhere.
東太平洋: 加州灣到哥斯大黎加與加拉巴哥群島。 可能出現其他地方。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 70.0, range 65 - ? cm
Max length : 91.6 cm WD 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 116975)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found over soft bottoms, near rocky or coral reefs; also near reef drop-offs (Ref. 12951). Occasionally near the surface and may jump out of the water. Often in schools, sometimes associated with Aetobatus narinari, the spotted eagle ray (Ref. 12951). Feeds on benthic crustaceans and mollusks. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449).

發現在軟質底部上了, 在岩礁或珊瑚礁的附近; 也在礁海峭壁的附近.(參考文獻 12951) 偶然地接近水表面而且可能離開水面跳躍。 常形成魚群, 有時伴隨著 Aetobatus narinari ,有斑點的鷹魟.(參考文獻 12951) 吃底棲的甲殼動物與軟體動物。 卵胎生的.(參考文獻 50449)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449).東太平洋: 加州灣到哥斯大黎加與加拉巴哥群島。 可能出現其他地方。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

McEachran, J.D. and G. Notarbartolo di Sciara, 1995. Rhinopteridae. Gavilanes. p. 782-783. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para los Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9263)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 125652)

  近危 (NT) (A2d); Date assessed: 08 February 2019

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 沒有興趣; 水族館: 公眾的水族館
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

更多資訊

國家
FAO區域
生態系
發現紀錄
簡介
Stocks
生態學
食性
食物相
食物消耗量
定量
俗名
同種異名
新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
產卵群集
孕卵數

卵發育
年龄/大小
成長
長度-重量
長度-長度
長度-頻率
形態測量圖
型態特徵
仔魚
稚魚動力學
入添量
豐度
BRUVS
參考文獻
養殖
養殖資訊
品種
遺傳學
基因序列
遺傳率
疾病
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Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
聲音
神經毒
速度
泳型
鰓區
Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

工具

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網路資源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因組, 核甘 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia: , 搜尋 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.7 - 29.1, mean 24.2 °C (based on 266 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00445 - 0.02830), b=2.98 (2.76 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.50 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增時間4.5 - 14 年 (Fec assumed to be <100).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (86 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 15.4 [2.2, 89.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.434 [0.080, 1.744] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.8 [18.3, 23.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.0876 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 29.5 [7.9, 100.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 42.3 [9.8, 182.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.824 [0.218, 3.174] mg/100g (wet weight);