Hypanus longus, Longtail stingray : fisheries

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Hypanus longus (Garman 1880)

Longtail stingray
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Hypanus longus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hypanus longus (Longtail stingray)
Hypanus longus
Picture by Robertson, R.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鳃亚纲 (鲨鱼与 鱼) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Dasyatidae (Stingrays) > Dasyatinae
  More on author: Garman.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类.   熱帶; 26°N - 3°S, 113°W - 76°W (Ref. 114953)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacfic: Baja California (Mesico) to Ecuador; including the Galapagos Is.
東太平洋: 南加州灣到哥倫比亞與加拉巴哥群島。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 110.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 260 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9254)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabit rocky and coral reefs (Ref. 12951); on soft and sandy bottoms. Feeds mainly on mantis shrimps and fishes (Ref. 114953). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Litters of 1-5 pups; gestation period 10-11 months (Ref. 114953); Caught rarely by the gillnet fisheries operating in shelf waters. Utilized for its meat (Ref.58048).

栖息于岩石与珊瑚礁。 (参考文献 12951) 栖息于柔软与砂质底部了。 窝由 1-3个幼鱼组成。 (参考文献 38396) 卵胎生的.(参考文献 50449)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205). Brood consists of 1-3 neonates and grow to about 40 cm DW in spring-summer (Ref. 38396).東太平洋: 南加州灣到哥倫比亞與加拉巴哥群島。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : McEachran, John | 合作者

Compagno, L.J.V., 1999. Checklist of living elasmobranchs. p. 471-498. In W.C. Hamlett (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes. Johns Hopkins University Press, Maryland. (Ref. 35766)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  数据缺失 (DD) ; Date assessed: 02 February 2006

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有毒的 (Ref. 9254)





人类利用

渔业: 低经济
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.1 - 28.5, mean 27 °C (based on 40 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00282 - 0.01623), b=3.07 (2.87 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增时间超过14 年 (Fec=1-3).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (74 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Low.