分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海; 汽水性の 底生の漂泳性; 深さの範囲 22 - 400 m (Ref. 58489). Temperate; 32°S - 51°S, 115°E - 179°E
Southwest Pacific: confined to Australian and New Zealand seas.
Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm 40.0, range 30 - 40 cm
Max length : 76.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 9002); common length : 50.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 9258); 最大公表体重: 4.0 kg (Ref. 9988); 最大記録サイズ: 15 年 (Ref. 9072)
Adults inhabit continental shelf and slope waters (Ref. 6390). Reported from depths between 22 m (Ref. 58489) and 400m (Ref. 30458). They are schooling species, usually aggregating close to the sea bed (Ref. 26498) although there is some evidence that they move into the middle water column at night (Ref. 30459). Juveniles recorded offshore to a depth of 100 m and sometimes entering estuaries, often in association with jellyfish (Ref. 9563) and schooling close to the surface. Feed mainly on salps but also takes euphausiids, krill, crabs and small squid (Ref. 9072). Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Determinate annual fecundity. Females spawn three batches of eggs in a season (Ref. 86821).
Kuiter, R.H., 1993. Coastal fishes of south-eastern Australia. University of Hawaii Press. Honolulu, Hawaii. 437 p. (Ref. 9002)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
水産業: 商業; ゲームフィッシュ: はい
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11.8 - 16.6, mean 14.4 °C (based on 98 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00397 - 0.01999), b=3.10 (2.90 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.43 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 手段, １．４年～４．４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.19; tm=3-4; tmax=15).
Prior r = 0.65, 95% CL = 0.43 - 0.97, Based on 2 stock assessments.
弱み (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (56 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 25.4 [13.5, 56.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.359 [0.216, 0.561] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.5 [14.5, 18.5] % ; Omega3 = 1.1 [0.5, 2.4] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.3 [7.0, 41.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 27.8 [8.2, 95.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.645 [0.463, 0.916] mg/100g (wet weight);