Raiamas salmolucius : fisheries

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Raiamas salmolucius (Nichols & Griscom, 1917)

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Raiamas salmolucius
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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Danionidae (Danios) > Chedrinae
Etymology: .salmolucius: The species name salmolucius is derived from the Latin salmo, meaning salmon, and the Latin lucius, meaning pike, and refers most probably to its general appearance (Ref. 122357)  More on authors: Nichols & Griscom.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce benthopélagique; pH range: 7.4 - 8.0; profondeur - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 21°C - 28°C (Ref. 122357)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: restricted to main channel and the tributaries of the northern hemisphere of the Middle Congo basin, where it is widespread throughout the Aruwimi, Itimbiri, Tshopo, Lindi, Ubangi and Sangha rivers (Ref. 122357). Reports from Lower Congo (Ref. 57537) and Kasai River basin (Ref. 41591) refer to Raiamas brachyrhabdotos (Ref. 122357).

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.4 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 122357)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 0; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 12; Épines anales 0; Rayons mous anaux: 16 - 17; Vertèbres: 38 - 40. Diagnosis: Within the Congo basin, Raiamas salmolucius is distinguished from R. batesii, R. kheeli and R. moorii by a lower number of lateral line scales, 42-46 vs. 68-70, 65-68 and 54-61 respectively; from R. longirostris by a greater head width, 36-43% of head length vs. 31%, a longer anal-fin base, 16.1-20.5% of standard length vs. 14.8%, and a deeper body, 19.8-23.3% of standard length vs. 16.5%; from R. buchholzi and R. christyi by the absence of a large dark spot at the base of the caudal fin vs. presence, and a longer dorsal-fin base, 14.1-14.9% of standard length vs. 10.1-12.0% and 10.4-11.6% respectively (Ref. 122357). Further, it is distinguished from the phenotypically similar species R. marqueti, R. intermedius and R. brachyrhabdotos by a longer head, 30.2-33.6% of standard length vs. 27.0-30.1%, 27.1-29.5% and 28.5-29.5% respectively; in addition, R. salmolucius is distinguished from R. marqueti by a shorter distance between the nostril and the eye, 5-6% of head length vs. 6-7%, overlap due to negative allometry, and the first two pigmented bars behind the pectoral fin being narrow and covering 1.5-2.0 lateral line scales vs. wide bars covering 2.5-3.0 lateral line scales, and from R. intermedius and R. brachyrhabdotos by a shallower body, 19.8-23.4% of standard length vs. 25.2-28.8% and 23.6-29.8% respectively, and a more or less horizontal predorsal profile vs. a convex predorsal profile (Ref. 122357). Outside the Congo basin, R. salmolucius is distinguished from all other species, except R. ansorgii, R. nigeriensis and R. senegalensis, by an intermediate number of lateral line scales, 42-46 vs. 36-38 in R. levequei, 58-63 in R. scarciensis and 39-42 in R. steindachneri; from R. ansorgii by a dorsal fin inserted slightly behind the insertion of pelvic fin, i.e. two or three lateral line scales between verticals through the anterior base of the dorsal fin and the pelvic-fin insertion vs. dorsal fin inserted well behind pectoral-fin origin, i.e. six lateral line scales; from R. nigeriensis by a longer head, 30.2-33.6% of standard length vs. 18.6-25.0%; and from R. senegalensis by a higher number of branched dorsal-fin rays, 9 vs. 8 (Ref. 122357).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Found in river over a sandy substrate (Ref. 122357).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Katemo Manda, B., J. Snoeks, A. Chocha Manda and E. Vreven, 2018. Hidden species diversity in Raiamas salmolucius (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from the Congo basin: two new species based on morphometric evidence. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 28(4):345-363. (Ref. 122357)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 124695)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 May 2009

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries:
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Sources Internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genre, Espèce | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: génôme, nucléotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia: aller à, chercher | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00282 - 0.01229), b=3.02 (2.84 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.