Raiamas salmolucius : fisheries

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Raiamas salmolucius (Nichols & Griscom, 1917)

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Raiamas salmolucius
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Danionidae (Danios) > Chedrinae
Etymology: .salmolucius: The species name salmolucius is derived from the Latin salmo, meaning salmon, and the Latin lucius, meaning pike, and refers most probably to its general appearance (Ref. 122357)  More on authors: Nichols & Griscom.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 底中水層性; pH range: 7.4 - 8.0; 深度上下限 - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   熱帶; 21°C - 28°C (Ref. 122357)

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Africa: restricted to main channel and the tributaries of the northern hemisphere of the Middle Congo basin, where it is widespread throughout the Aruwimi, Itimbiri, Tshopo, Lindi, Ubangi and Sangha rivers (Ref. 122357). Reports from Lower Congo (Ref. 57537) and Kasai River basin (Ref. 41591) refer to Raiamas brachyrhabdotos (Ref. 122357).
非洲: 剛果河流域與坦噶尼喀湖。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.4 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 122357)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 背的軟條 (總數): 12; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 16 - 17; 脊椎骨: 38 - 40. Diagnosis: Within the Congo basin, Raiamas salmolucius is distinguished from R. batesii, R. kheeli and R. moorii by a lower number of lateral line scales, 42-46 vs. 68-70, 65-68 and 54-61 respectively; from R. longirostris by a greater head width, 36-43% of head length vs. 31%, a longer anal-fin base, 16.1-20.5% of standard length vs. 14.8%, and a deeper body, 19.8-23.3% of standard length vs. 16.5%; from R. buchholzi and R. christyi by the absence of a large dark spot at the base of the caudal fin vs. presence, and a longer dorsal-fin base, 14.1-14.9% of standard length vs. 10.1-12.0% and 10.4-11.6% respectively (Ref. 122357). Further, it is distinguished from the phenotypically similar species R. marqueti, R. intermedius and R. brachyrhabdotos by a longer head, 30.2-33.6% of standard length vs. 27.0-30.1%, 27.1-29.5% and 28.5-29.5% respectively; in addition, R. salmolucius is distinguished from R. marqueti by a shorter distance between the nostril and the eye, 5-6% of head length vs. 6-7%, overlap due to negative allometry, and the first two pigmented bars behind the pectoral fin being narrow and covering 1.5-2.0 lateral line scales vs. wide bars covering 2.5-3.0 lateral line scales, and from R. intermedius and R. brachyrhabdotos by a shallower body, 19.8-23.4% of standard length vs. 25.2-28.8% and 23.6-29.8% respectively, and a more or less horizontal predorsal profile vs. a convex predorsal profile (Ref. 122357). Outside the Congo basin, R. salmolucius is distinguished from all other species, except R. ansorgii, R. nigeriensis and R. senegalensis, by an intermediate number of lateral line scales, 42-46 vs. 36-38 in R. levequei, 58-63 in R. scarciensis and 39-42 in R. steindachneri; from R. ansorgii by a dorsal fin inserted slightly behind the insertion of pelvic fin, i.e. two or three lateral line scales between verticals through the anterior base of the dorsal fin and the pelvic-fin insertion vs. dorsal fin inserted well behind pectoral-fin origin, i.e. six lateral line scales; from R. nigeriensis by a longer head, 30.2-33.6% of standard length vs. 18.6-25.0%; and from R. senegalensis by a higher number of branched dorsal-fin rays, 9 vs. 8 (Ref. 122357).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in river over a sandy substrate (Ref. 122357).

棲息於河。 (參考文獻 4967)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

非洲: 剛果河流域與坦噶尼喀湖。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Katemo Manda, B., J. Snoeks, A. Chocha Manda and E. Vreven, 2018. Hidden species diversity in Raiamas salmolucius (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from the Congo basin: two new species based on morphometric evidence. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 28(4):345-363. (Ref. 122357)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 124695)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 May 2009

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業:
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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00282 - 0.01229), b=3.02 (2.84 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.