Acanthurus lineatus, Lined surgeonfish : fisheries, aquarium

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Acanthurus lineatus (Linnaeus 1758)

Lined surgeonfish
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Acanthurus lineatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Actinopteri > Acanthuriformes (Surgeonfishes) 鱸形目 (Surgeonfishes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) 刺尾魚科 (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Acanthurus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 0 - 15 m (Ref. 27115), usually 1 - 3 m (Ref. 37792).   熱帶; 24°C - 30°C (Ref. 27115); 36°N - 36°S, 27°E - 137°W

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Indo-Pacific: East Africa, including the Mascarene Islands (Ref. 37792) to the Hawaiian, Marquesas and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia. Replaced by the closely related Acanthurus sohal in the Red Sea.
印度-太平洋: 非洲東部,包括瑪斯科林島 (參考文獻 37792) 到夏威夷, 馬貴斯群島與 Tuamoto 島, 北至日本南部, 南至大堡礁與新加勒多尼亞。 在紅海被接近地講的 紅海刺尾魚〔Acanthurus sohal〕 取代了。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 18.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 3145); common length : 25.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 30573); 最大年齡: 46 年 (Ref. 27143)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 9; 背的軟條 (總數): 27-30; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 25 - 28. This species is distinguished by having the following characters: body deep and compressed, depth 2.1-3 times in standard length or SL (body of juveniles relatively deeper than that of adults); snout 5.2-5.7 times in SL; mouth small; teeth spatulate, close-set, with denticulate edges; total gill rakers on first gill arch 14-16; continuous unnotched dorsal fin IX,27-30 soft rays; A III,25-28; caudal fin deeply lunate with concavity 3.3-4.5 times in SL; a lancet-like spine on each side of caudal peduncle which folds into a deep horizontal groove, this spine long, 1.9-2.5 times in head length, and venomous; stomach thin-walled. Colour of body with upper 3/4 with alternating black-edged blue and yellow stripes and those on the head mainly diagonal; lower fourth pale lavender to bluish white; dorsal fin finely striped pale blue and yellowish; anal fin grey with a yellow basal band and a light blue margin; caudal fin blackish with a large, grey crescent centroposteriorly, edged at the front in bluish white and at the posterior margin with black; pectoral fins are pale except basally where they are coloured like the body; pelvic fins yellow-orange with a white lateral margin and a blackish submarginal line (Ref. 9808).

身體有中的上面的 3/4 交互的黑邊藍色與黃色的條紋; 身體灰色中的低的 1/4。 在尾柄的每個側邊上的直立的硬棘是銳利的﹐強的, 朝向前面的, 與有毒的。 上半部頭部有黃色,斜角斑紋。 胸鰭灰白的有暗淡的鰭條; 腹鰭淡土黃色有黑色的外緣; 在尾鰭的垂直斑紋。 鰓耙 14-16 前面的列,13-15個後列。 細小的鱗片。 菲律賓的標本顯現不同的彩色斑紋。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Adults usually form schools and commonly found in shallow gutters. Juveniles solitary and secretive on shallow rubble habitats (Ref. 48637). A territorial species (Ref. 167) which is common in surge zones of exposed seaward reefs. The large male controls well-defined feeding territories and harems of females (Ref. 1602, 48637). The species is almost continually in motion. Herbivorous but also feeds on crustaceans (Ref. 5503). Forms spawning aggregations (Ref. 27825). Diurnal species (Ref. 113699:31); courtship takes place at various times of the day, spawning peaks in the morning, but may also occur from midday to afternoon, and is often confined to ebb tides (Ref. 38697). The venomous caudal spine can cause painful wounds.

一個具有領域性種 (參考文獻 167) 是裸露的臨海礁石的常見於湧浪區。 大的雄性控制很清晰攝食領域與一群雌性配偶。 (參考文獻 1602) 此魚種是幾乎不斷地運動。 食草的也吃甲殼動物.(參考文獻 5503) 有毒的尾棘能引起令人痛苦的創傷。 形成產卵群集。 (參考文獻 27825)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Form spawning aggregations, but spawn in pairs (Ref. 27825).印度-太平洋: 非洲東部,包括瑪斯科林島 (參考文獻 37792) 到夏威夷, 馬貴斯群島與 Tuamoto 島, 北至日本南部, 南至大堡礁與新加勒多尼亞。 在紅海被接近地講的 紅海刺尾魚〔Acanthurus sohal〕 取代了。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Randall, John E. | 合作者

Randall, J.E., 1986. Acanthuridae. p. 811-823. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3145)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 May 2010

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated


  有毒的 (Ref. 4821)


漁業: 商業性; 水族館: 商業性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周邊海洋



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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29.3, mean 28.4 °C (based on 2958 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01862 (0.01234 - 0.02810), b=2.96 (2.84 - 3.08), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tm=4; tmax=42;).
Prior r = 0.39, 95% CL = 0.26 - 0.59, Based on 1 stock assessment.
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.