Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; marino associati a barriera corallina; non migratori; distribuzione batimetrica 6 - 40 m (Ref. 7247). Subtropical; 35°N - 34°S
Western Pacific: there are two isolated populations: (1) southern Japan, Ryukyu Islands, and Taiwan; (2) Coral Sea, New Caledonia, Loyalty Islands, Lord Howe Island and east coast of Australia between Sydney and the southern Great Barrier Reef. Reported from New Zealand (Ref. 35942) and Tonga (Ref. 53797)
Size / Peso / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 9710)
Spine dorsali (totale): 13 - 14; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 11-13; Spine anali 2; Raggi anali molli: 10 - 11.
Adults inhabit lagoon and outer coral reefs, boulder bottoms and lava cliffs, in small to large aggregations (Ref. 7247). Diurnal species (Ref. 113699). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
BibliografiaAcquacolturaProfilo di acquacolturaVarietàGeneticaFrequenze allelicheEreditarietàMalattieElaborazioneMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.5 - 28.1, mean 26.5 °C (based on 150 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00662 - 0.03303), b=2.99 (2.80 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.08 se; based on food items.
Resilienza (Ref. 120179
): Alto, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione meno di 15 mesi (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .