Sphyraena guachancho, Guachanche barracuda : fisheries

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Sphyraena guachancho Cuvier, 1829

Guachanche barracuda
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sphyraena guachancho   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sphyraena guachancho (Guachanche barracuda)
Sphyraena guachancho
Picture by Freitas, R.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Carangaria/misc (Various families in series Carangaria) > Sphyraenidae (Barracudas)
Etymology: Sphyraena: Greek, sphyraina, -es = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser; tiefenbereich 0 - 100 m (Ref. 26999).   Subtropical; 43°N - 37°S, 98°W - 14°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (USA), northern Gulf of Mexico, and throughout the Caribbean Sea to Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Angola, including the Canary Islands and Cape Verde.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?, range 35 - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 27000); common length : 70.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 5217); max. veröff. Gewicht: 1.8 kg (Ref. 57401)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 6; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 9; Afterflossenstacheln 2; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 8. Diagnosis: 102-119 scales in lateral line; no chevrons on the flanks or, if present, not so well marked as in Sphyraena afra (Ref. 57401).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Occurs in shallow and generally turbid coastal water over muddy bottoms, often around river estuaries. Schooling species (Ref. 6949). Occasionally enters estuaries and brackish waters (Ref. 57401). Feeds on mainly on fishes belonging to the Engraulidae, Clupeidae, Lutjanidae and Synodontidae families and also on squid from the Loliginidae family (Ref. 9626). Maximum reported size: 71cm (Ref. 57401). Marketed fresh and salted.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

De Sylva, D.P., 1990. Sphyraenidae. p. 860-864. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6949)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 29 January 2013

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.4 - 27.9, mean 25.1 °C (based on 752 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00435 - 0.01153), b=2.93 (2.79 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  sehr niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert mehr als 14 Jahre. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (79 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 23.3 [9.7, 59.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.797 [0.337, 2.882] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.5 [17.7, 21.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.531 [0.201, 1.367] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.4 [8.9, 82.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 6.09 [1.10, 47.43] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.462 [0.272, 0.862] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.