Sphyraena guachancho, Guachanche barracuda : fisheries

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Sphyraena guachancho Cuvier, 1829

Guachanche barracuda
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Sphyraena guachancho   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sphyraena guachancho (Guachanche barracuda)
Sphyraena guachancho
Picture by Freitas, R.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Carangaria/misc (Various families in series Carangaria) > Sphyraenidae (Barracudas)
Etymology: Sphyraena: Greek, sphyraina, -es = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; brakwater; diepteverspreiding 0 - 100 m (Ref. 26999).   Subtropical; 43°N - 37°S, 98°W - 14°E

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (USA), northern Gulf of Mexico, and throughout the Caribbean Sea to Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Angola, including the Canary Islands and Cape Verde.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?, range 35 - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 27000); common length : 70.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 5217); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 1.8 kg (Ref. 57401)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 6; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 9; Anale stekels 2; Anale zachte stralen: 8. Diagnosis: 102-119 scales in lateral line; no chevrons on the flanks or, if present, not so well marked as in Sphyraena afra (Ref. 57401).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Occurs in shallow and generally turbid coastal water over muddy bottoms, often around river estuaries. Schooling species (Ref. 6949). Occasionally enters estuaries and brackish waters (Ref. 57401). Feeds on mainly on fishes belonging to the Engraulidae, Clupeidae, Lutjanidae and Synodontidae families and also on squid from the Loliginidae family (Ref. 9626). Maximum reported size: 71cm (Ref. 57401). Marketed fresh and salted.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

De Sylva, D.P., 1990. Sphyraenidae. p. 860-864. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6949)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 29 January 2013

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.4 - 27.9, mean 25.1 °C (based on 752 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00435 - 0.01153), b=2.93 (2.79 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  zeer laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd meer dan 14 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (79 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 23.3 [9.7, 59.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.797 [0.337, 2.882] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.5 [17.7, 21.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.531 [0.201, 1.367] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.4 [8.9, 82.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 6.09 [1.10, 47.43] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.462 [0.272, 0.862] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.