Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sinh thái học
; Nước ngọt gần đáy; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19; di cư trong nước ngọt (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 25°C - 28°C (Ref. 1672)
Asia: Mekong, Chao Phraya and Meklong basins; northern Malay Peninsula.
Bộ gần gũi / Khối lượng (Trọng lượng) / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.0 cm SL con đực/không giới tính; (Ref. 27732)
Has 9 branched dorsal rays; 36-40 lateral line scales; no dark spots on pelvic and anal fins (Ref. 27732); a small dark spot always present behind spiracle; sometimes tiny tubercles on side of head and large tubercles confined to snout (Ref. 12693).
Occur in medium to large-sized rivers and enters flooded fields (Ref. 12975). Found on solid surfaces in flowing waters. Mostly herbivorous, feed largely on algae, periphyton and phytoplankton, but also take insect larvae or zooplankton. In current, they hold onto fixed objects with their sucker-like mouth. For breathing, water is pumped into the gill cavity through a small spiracle and across the gills for gas exchange. Large fish are sold in the markets, smaller ones are used to make prahoc (Ref. 12693). Aquarium keeping: needs plant feed; adults territorial; in groups of 5 or more individuals; minimum aquarium size 60 cm (Ref. 51539).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Chín muồi sinh dục | Sự tái sinh sản | Đẻ trứng | Các trứng | Sự sinh sản | Ấu trùng
Rainboth, W.J., 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p. (Ref. 12693)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Các nghề cá: Tính thương mại; Bể nuôi cá: tính thương mại cao
Các công cụ
Các nguồn internet
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Mức dinh dưỡng (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.25 se; based on food items.
Thích nghi nhanh (Ref. 120179
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .