Mycteroperca venenosa, Yellowfin grouper : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

Mycteroperca venenosa (Linnaeus 1758)

Yellowfin grouper
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Mycteroperca venenosa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Mycteroperca venenosa (Yellowfin grouper)
Mycteroperca venenosa
Picture by Patzner, R.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Perciformes/Serranoidei () 鱸形目 () > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) 鮨科 (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Mycteroperca: Greek, mykter, -eros = nose + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 2 - 137 m (Ref. 5222), usually 5 - 35 m (Ref. 40849).   亞熱帶的; 35°N - 28°S, 92°W - 33°W (Ref. 5222)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Bermuda, Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean south to Sao Paulo, Brazil.
西大西洋: 百慕達群島,墨西哥灣與加勒比海南至聖保羅巴西。 中央與南方的美國岸邊到圭亞那.(參考文獻 26938)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 51.0, range 50 - 63 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 26340); common length : 50.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5217); 最大体重: 18.5 kg (Ref. 40637)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 11; 背的软条 (总数): 15-16; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 10 - 12. Distinguished by the following characteristics: Head and body have oval groups of dark spots; outer third of pectoral fin bright yellow (Ref. 26938); two color morphs: a deep-water reddish form and shallow-water greenish form; depth of body contained 2.9-3.2 times in SL; head length 2.6-2.9 times in SL; convex interorbital area; evenly rounded preopercle or with slight notch, without projecting bony lobe at the angle; nostrils subequal or posterior nostrils with diameter twice the size of anterior nostrils (Ref. 89707).
头部与身体有椭圆形群体的深色斑点; 胸鳍的外面第三个鲜黄色的.(参考文献 26938)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults found on rocky and coral reefs, juveniles occur in shallow turtle grass beds. Also been taken in trawls over mud bottom in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Feeds mainly on fishes (mostly on coral reef species) and squids. Although often implicated in ciguatera poisonings, it is a desirable food fish; and even large (5 to 10 kg) fish from areas considered safe are sold in markets. Also caught with surface trolling. Sex-reversal has been observed (Ref. 5521).

稚鱼出现在水浅的泰来海藻床; 成鱼发现于岩石与珊瑚礁了。 也在墨西哥湾北部被采自在泥底上的拖网。 主要吃鱼 (大部份在珊瑚礁种上) 与乌贼。 虽然时常关系到热带海鱼中毒, 它是一个令人满意的食用鱼; 甚至认为保险箱的来自区域的大的 (5 到 10 公斤) 鱼被卖在市场中。 也用表面的拖钓捕获。 性别-反转已经被观察.(参考文献 5521)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

西大西洋: 百慕達群島,墨西哥灣與加勒比海南至聖保羅巴西。 中央與南方的美國岸邊到圭亞那.(參考文獻 26938)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Heemstra, Phillip C. | 合作者

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  临近濒危 (NT) (A4bd); Date assessed: 12 March 2018

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有雪卡鱼毒中毒的报导 (Ref. 4690)





人类利用

渔业: 高经济性; 游钓鱼种: 是的; 水族馆: 公众的水族馆
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
BRUVS
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
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Otoliths
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.3 - 28, mean 27 °C (based on 310 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00692 - 0.01737), b=3.04 (2.91 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (K=0.09-0.17; tmax=15; Fec=400,000).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (62 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.