Labeo chrysophekadion, Black sharkminnow : fisheries, aquarium

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Labeo chrysophekadion (Bleeker 1849)

Black sharkminnow
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Image of Labeo chrysophekadion (Black sharkminnow)
Labeo chrysophekadion
Picture by Warren, T.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Cypriniformes (Carps) 鯉形目 (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) 鯉科 (Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 底中水層性; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: ? - 15; 河川洄游 (Ref. 51243).   熱帶; 24°C - 27°C (Ref. 1672)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Asia: Mekong and Chao Phraya basins, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java and Borneo.
亞洲: 湄公河與湄南河流域,馬來半島,蘇門答臘,爪哇與婆羅洲。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 37770); 最大體重: 7.0 kg (Ref. 37770)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

Has black body and fins; a large dorsal fin, with anterior branched dorsal rays longer than head length; 15-18 branched dorsal rays; both lips fringed; juveniles all black; large adults grey with one iridescent spot on each scale (Ref. 27732).
有黑色的身體與鰭; 一個大的背鰭, 藉由前面的分枝背鰭鰭條長度超過頭長; 15-18個分枝的背鰭鰭條; 兩者的唇邊緣了; 稚魚全黑的; 大的成魚灰色的在每個鱗片上有一彩虹色的斑點.(參考文獻 27732)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs in rivers, streams, canals and inundated floodplains. Sometimes seen in impoundments, but not in great numbers. Like other planktivorous and detritivorous carps, it begins spawning after the first thunderstorms of the coming rainy season. It spawns upstream from shallow sandbars that line long river bends. The eggs settle out in the shallow water and hatch just as water levels begin to rise following the initiation of seasonal rains. The fry immediately move into inundated grasses along the bank and continue to follow the leading edge of the advancing water as floodwaters spread over the land. Adults also migrate out into seasonally flooded areas where they feed on algae, periphyton, phytoplankton and detritus. They return to rivers from October to December (Ref. 12693). In Laos and Thailand, it migrates upstream at the onset of rainy season. In Cambodia, it undertakes upstream migration between October and March and downstream migration from March to August (Ref. 37770). A desirable food fish which is marketed fresh, dried and salted (Ref. 12693).

出現於河,溪流,運河與浸水的洪泛區。 有時在圈圍水域中見到, 但是不是數量龐大。 像其他的食浮游生物的與 detritivorous 鯉魚, 它開始在即將來雨季的第一個雷雨之後產卵。 它產卵從水淺的河口沙洲那一條線長的河灣游向上游。 卵在淺水區中的定居而且正如孵化當水位開始上升的時候跟隨季節性雨的開始。 當洪水在土地之上傳佈的時候,魚苗緊鄰移進中 , 浸水的草沿著淺堆而且繼續跟隨前進水的前緣。 成魚也進入季節性地洪泛區之內移動出在那裡它們吃藻類, 固著生物,浮游植物與碎屑。 他們回到來自十月到十二月的河。 (參考文獻 12693) 在寮國與泰國,它在雨季的開始溯河迴游。 在柬埔寨,它進行在十月與三月與八月的向下游的遷移從三月之間的溯溪迴游。 (參考文獻 37770) 一個令人滿意的食用魚是生鮮銷售﹐乾燥的與鹽醃的.(參考文獻 12693)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

亞洲: 湄公河與湄南河流域,馬來半島,蘇門答臘,爪哇與婆羅洲。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Roberts, T.R., 1989. The freshwater fishes of Western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia). Mem. Calif. Acad. Sci. 14:210 p. (Ref. 2091)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 24 October 2011

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 商業性; 水族館: 商業性
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00521 - 0.01670), b=3.03 (2.88 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增時間4.5 - 14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (64 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.