Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 40 - 750 m (Ref. 4479). Deep-water; 48°N - 48°S, 180°W - 180°E
Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Angola. Western Atlantic: USA to Brazil, with extensions to Argentina. Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). Indian Ocean: between 10°N and 30°S. Pacific Ocean: between 30°N and 25°S (Ref. 4066); New Zealand (Ref. 5755).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 5.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479)
High-oceanic species (Ref. 4066). Found between 425-750 m during the day and at 40-500 m at night, with maximum abundance at 75 m (Ref. 4479). Mesopelagic (Ref. 58302). Specimens reach sexual maturity at a length of 5.4 cm. Off southern Brazil found between 500-900 m during the day and 25-300 m at night. (Ref. 47377).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9.9 - 21.7, mean 14.6 °C (based on 980 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00360 - 0.02208), b=3.04 (2.82 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .