分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
(Mackerels) > Scombridae
(Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomber: Greek, skombros = tunny or mackerel, 1623 (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
海; 汽水性の; 海洋回遊性 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 0 - 1000 m (Ref. 54254), usually 0 - 200 m (Ref. 54254). Temperate; 75°N - 30°N, 77°W - 42°E
North Atlantic: including the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm 28.7, range 34 - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm FL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 35388); common length : 30.0 cm FL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 168); 最大公表体重: 3.4 kg (Ref. 9988); 最大記録サイズ: 17 年 (Ref. 207)
背面の脊椎 (合計): 8 - 14; 背鰭 (合計): 113; 肛門の骨 1; 臀鰭: 12 - 13; 脊つい: 31. This species has the following characters: no well developed corselet; interpelvic process small and single; anal fin spine conspicuous, joined to the fin by a membrane but clearly independent of it; anal fin origin opposite that of second dorsal fin; no swim bladder; first haemal spine anterior to first interneural process; 21-28 interneural bones under first dorsal fin; markings on back oblique to near vertical, with relatively little undulating; belly unmarked (Ref. 168).
Abundant in cold and temperate shelf areas, forms large schools near the surface. They overwinter in deeper waters but move closer to shore in spring when water temperatures range between 11° and 14°C. Mainly diurnal, it feeds on zooplankton and small fish. Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769). Batch spawner (Ref. 51846). The species is traded fresh, frozen, smoked and canned. Eaten fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988). Two stocks in north-east Atlantic: North Sea (east) and British Isles (west). North Sea stock decreased dramatically in the 1960's because of direct overfishing. Recruitment has been poor and unstable. After spawning, the adult feed very actively moving around in small shoals (Ref. 35388).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)
水産業: 高い商業の; ゲームフィッシュ: はい
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 7 - 17.5, mean 10.2 °C (based on 2460 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00583 - 0.00716), b=3.06 (3.03 - 3.09), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.1 (2.3 - 4.1) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 17 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 手段, １．４年～４．４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (rm=0.33-0.56; K=0.23-0.27; tm=2-3; tmax=17; Fec=200,000).
Prior r = 0.47, 95% CL = 0.31 - 0.75, Based on 10 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 20.1 [7.8, 49.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.705 [0.260, 1.627] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.5 [19.4, 21.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.761 [0.515, 1.159] g/100g ; Selenium = 52 [28, 97] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 16.8 [5.0, 65.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.695 [0.445, 1.022] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.