(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Priacanthidae
(Bigeyes or catalufas)
Etymology: Heteropriacanthus: Greek, heteros = other + Greek, prion = saw + greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Lacepède.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; laut berasosiasi dengan karang; kisaran kedalaman 3 - 300 m (Ref. 27000), usually 3 - 35 m (Ref. 40849). Subtropical; 33°N - 32°S, 180°W - 180°E
Circumglobal in tropical and tropically influenced seas. Western Atlantic: continental waters from off Florida to Flower Garden Reef off Texas in the Gulf of Mexico; Caribbean islands and along the coast of South America to Argentina. Eastern Atlantic: eastern and mid Atlantic islands from Madeira to St. Helena; not recorded from African continental waters. Indo-Pacific: South and eastern Africa (excluding the Red Sea) eastward in island habitats through the central Pacific. Eastern Pacific: island habitats from off Baja California to the Galapagos; probably uncommon along coast of Mexico, Central and South America, questionably to Chile.
Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.7 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 9990); common length : 20.0 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 55763); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 2.7 kg (Ref. 9990)
Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 10; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 12-13; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 13 - 14. Silvery pink, mottled red or solid red in color; median fins with faint dark dots. Pelvic fins dusky or pale and without distinct spots (Ref. 4328). Section of preopercle behind canal striated and without scales (Ref. 26938).
Common in lagoon and seaward reefs, primarily around islands. Under or near ledges by day (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Juvenile pelagic (Ref. 9335). Nocturnal (Ref. 5213), feeding mainly on octopi, pelagic shrimp, stomatopods, crabs, small fish, and polychaetes. Solitary (Ref. 5213). During the day usually occurs singly or in small groups but at dusk it may gather in large numbers (Ref. 37816). Known to produce sound. Marketed fresh (Ref. 3800). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva
Starnes, W.C., 1988. Revision, phylogeny and biogeographic comments on the circumtropical marine percoid fish family Priacanthidae. Bull. Mar. Sci. 43(2):117-203. (Ref. 5403)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 125652)
ancaman kepada manusia
Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)
Perikanan: nilai komersial kecil; Akuarium: Komersial
AcuanBudidaya airprofil budidaya airStrainGenetikaFrekuensi alelDiturunkanPenyakit-penyakitPengolahanNutrientsMass conversion
muat turun XML
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.3 - 29, mean 27.4 °C (based on 2452 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.01019 - 0.02582), b=2.88 (2.75 - 3.01), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179
): Tinggi, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum kurang dari 15 bulan (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 28.4 [15.7, 58.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.07 [0.64, 1.74] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.1 [19.1, 21.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.218 [0.135, 0.362] g/100g ; Selenium = 20.1 [11.1, 36.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 41.4 [14.4, 113.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.759 [0.522, 1.154] mg/100g (wet weight);