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Microspathodon chrysurus (Cuvier, 1830)

Yellowtail damselfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Microspathodon chrysurus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Microspathodon chrysurus (Yellowtail damselfish)
Microspathodon chrysurus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

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> Ovalentaria/misc (Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae (Damselfishes) > Microspathodontinae
Etymology: Microspathodon: Greek, mikros = small + Greek, spatha = spathe + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

marien rifbewoner; standvastig; diepte 0 - 120 m (Ref. 10797), usually 0 - 10 m (Ref. 7247). Subtropical; 33°N - 25°S, 98°W - 34°W

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Western Atlantic: southern Florida (USA) and Bermuda through the Caribbean Sea to Brazil (Ref. 40101).

Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.0 cm TL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 9710); common length : 15.0 cm TL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 3139)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 12; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 14-15; Anale stekels 2; Anale zachte stralen: 12 - 13. Tail bright yellow. Juveniles dark blue with transparent tail and electric blue spots on side (Ref. 26938). Adults dark yellowish brown, the edges of the scales darker (Ref 13442).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

A common (Ref. 9710) territorial species that inhabits coral reefs, juveniles usually encountered among branches of yellow stinging coral, Millepora. Adults are found in very shallow waters of coral reefs, usually near top of outer edge where there are caves, holes, and abundant fire coral (Ref. 26938). Feed primarily on algae but also on polyps of fire coral (Ref. 3139) and other invertebrate animal material (Ref. 13442). Juveniles occasionally pick parasites from other species of fish (Ref. 3139). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Occasionally marketed fresh (Ref. 3139). Have been reared in captivity (Ref. 35420).

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).

Hoofdreferentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Allen, Gerald R. | Medewerkers

Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 November 2010

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: visserij voor eigen gebruik; Aquarium: Commercieel
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 26.1 - 28.2, mean 27.5 °C (based on 702 cells).
Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02239 (0.01297 - 0.03865), b=3.03 (2.88 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  2.1   ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100).
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 38.2 [20.4, 75.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.03 [0.57, 1.79] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [17.8, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.169 [0.095, 0.299] g/100g ; Selenium = 13 [6, 30] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 28.2 [6.2, 121.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.17 [0.71, 1.89] mg/100g (wet weight);