Kneria polli, Western shellear

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Kneria polli Trewavas, 1936

Western shellear
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Image of Kneria polli (Western shellear)
Kneria polli
Female picture by Mertens, P.

Classification / Names ຊື່ສາມັນ | ຄຳສັບຄ້າຍຄືກັນ | Catalog of Fishes(ຕະກຸນ, ຊະນິດ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Gonorynchiformes (Milkfishes) > Kneriidae (Shellears) > Kneriinae
Etymology: Kneria: From Kner, that studied fishes in the Imperial Museum of Vienna, with Jean Natterer (1817) (Ref. 45335);  polli: Named after Dr. Max Poll, who first recognized the opercular apparatus of Xenopomatichthys to be a character of the mature male, and not generic (Ref. 42110).
More on author: Trewavas.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range ນິເວດວິທະຍາ

; ນ້ຳຈືດ ກ່ຽວກັບ (ຢູ່)ເທິງຊັ້ນພື້ນດິນໃນທະເລເປີດ. Tropical; 10°S - 17°S

ການແຜ່ກະຈາຍ ປະເທດ | ເຂດ FAO | ລະບົບນິເວດ | ການປະກົດຕົວ | Point map | ການແນະນຳ | Faunafri

Africa: rivers Cuvo and Cubal in Angola (Ref. 11970), possibly also in other coastal rivers in Angola (Ref. 52193). Also in the upper reaches of the upper Zambezi, Okavango and Kunene in Angola and Zambia (Ref. 52193), and the Kafue in Zambia (Ref. 13332). Presence in the upper Congo river basin (Ref. 41590, 52959) considered questionable in Ref. 2970, but considered present in the southern Congo River basin in Angola (Ref. 120641). Not yet captured in Namibia (Ref. 33857).

ຂະໜາດ / ນ້ຳໜັກ / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL ຕົວຜູ້/ບໍ່ມີເພດ; (Ref. 52193)

Short description ສະລີລະວິທະຍາ | ການວັດແທກຮູບຮ່າງລັກສະນະພາຍນອກຂອງດິນ,ສັດ,ປາ…

ຄີ (ໜາມ)ແຂງຢູ່ຫຼັງປາ (ທັງໝົດ): 0; ຄີຫຼັງຂອງປາ (ຄີອ່ອນ) (ທັງໝົດ): 9-11; ຄີ(ໜາມ) ແຂງຢູ່ຄີກົ້ນປາ ກຸ່ມປາກະດູກແຂງ ຄວາມຖີ່ຂອງກຸ່ມຖ່າຍທອດພັນ ປາທີ່ມີການເຄື່ອນຍ້າຍຈາກທະເລໄປຫານ້ຳຈືດ ແລະນ້ຳຈືດຫາທະເລ ປາທີ່ມີການເຄື່ອນຍ້າຍຈາກທະເລແລະໄປໄຂ່ຢູ່ນ້ຳຈືດ ຄີກົ້ນຂອງປາ ສັດທີ່ມີກະດູກສັນຫັຼງ ການຖ່າຍທອດທາງກຳມະພັນຈາກພໍ່ແມ່ຫາລູກ 0; ຄີກົ້ນຂອງປາ: 10 - 12. Diagnosis: body depth 5.5-6.6 times in standard length (SL); head length 4.75-5.25 times in SL (Ref. 11970, 42110). Head width a little less than head depth at occipital region, 1.75-2 times in head length (HL) (Ref. 42110). Snout 3-3.4 times in HL; eye diameter 3.4-4.17 times in HL; interorbital width 2.75-3.4 times in HL; eyes lateral (Ref. 11970, 42210). Mature males with cupped outgrowth on operculum and a series of oblique laminae behind gill-opening (Ref. 11970, 42110), and without spines on head (Ref. 42110). Dorsal fin origin equidistant from tip of snout and base of caudal (Ref. 11970, 13721, 42110) or nearer mid-base of caudal than tip of snout (Ref. 7248, 52193), above (Ref. 42110) or immediately behind base of pelvic (Ref. 11970, 13721, 42110). Anal fin base equidistant from origin of pelvic and root of caudal (Ref. 42110), or a little nearer caudal (Ref. 11970, 42110). Pectoral fin length 5/6 of head length (Ref. 42110) or nearly as long as head (Ref. 11970, 42110). Pelvic fin as long as or a little shorter than pectoral (Ref. 42110). Caudal peduncle 1.9-2.1 times as long as deep (Ref. 11970, 42110). Body yellowish, with a series of dark spots, united by a narrower band, along lateral line or its posterior 2/3; a series of 3-5 round dark spots on either side of middorsal line in front of dorsal fin; sometimes a spot at origin of dorsal; fainter dark markings along back and side; upper part of head dark, lower parts of head and trunk pale; caudal fin spotted or clear, other fins clear (Ref. 42110). Dark spots at bases of pectoral, ventral and anal fins (Ref. 13721), but no dark spot at base of pelvic fins of type specimens (Ref. 7248, 52193).

ຊີວະສາດ     ຄຳແປສັບ (ຕ.ຢ. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior ການຈະເລີນເຕັມໄວ | ການສືບພັນ | ການວາງໄຂ່ | ໄຂ່ | ຄວາມດົກຂອງໄຂ່ປາ | ຕົວອ່ອນ

Main reference Upload your references | ເອກະສານອ້າງອີງ | ຜູ້ປະສານງານ | ຜູ້ຮ່ວມມື

Poll, M., 1984. Kneriidae. p. 129-133. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3565)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 March 2007

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
ຄວາມຢືດຢຸ່ນ
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .