Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sparidae
Etymology: Calamus: Greek, kalamos = reed, cane (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 80 m (Ref. 9344), usually 3 - 18 m. Subtropical; 29°N - 8°S, 115°W - 77°W
Eastern Pacific: southern California, USA to Peru; rare north of Baja California, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. published weight: 2.3 kg (Ref. 9344)
Inhabits sandy areas to about 69 m depth but usually from 3-18 m. The young occur in very shallow water on reef flats and in sandy bays over mixed sand and rock bottoms (Ref. 5592). Probably feeds on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 9344). Only caught incidentally with trawls (Ref. 9344).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21 - 29.1, mean 26.3 °C (based on 221 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02291 (0.01073 - 0.04890), b=2.94 (2.77 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 24.1 [12.1, 47.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.679 [0.359, 1.359] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.4 [19.2, 21.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.199 [0.115, 0.368] g/100g ; Selenium = 16 [8, 35] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 31.6 [7.9, 123.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.661 [0.377, 1.114] mg/100g (wet weight);