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References using Acanthurus chirurgus
Ref No. Description Page
000032  Randall, J.E.,1968 Caribbean reef fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., The British Crown Colony of Hong Kong. 318 p. 257
000205  Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen,1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. 662-663
000234  Matthews, F.D., D.M. Damkaer, L.W. Knapp and B.B. Collette,1977 Food of western north Atlantic tunas (Thunnus) and lancetfishes (Alepisaurus). NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS SSRF -706, 19 p. 15
000276  Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott,1980 A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (12)1-174. 55
000312  Pauly, D.,1978 A preliminary compilation of fish length growth parameters. Ber. Inst. Meereskd. Christian-Albrechts-Univ. Kiel (55):1-200.
000716  Randall, J.E.,1962 Tagging reef fishes in the Virgin Islands. Proc. Gulf Caribb. Fish. Inst. 14:201-241.
001830  Eschmeyer, W.N.,1990 Catalog of the genera of recent fishes. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, USA. 697 p.
001920  Randall, J.E.,1956 A revision of the surgeonfish genus Acanthurus. Pac. Sci. 10(2):159-235. 223
002932  Laydoo, R.S.,1991 A guide to the coral reefs of Tobago. Institute of Marine Affairs and the Asa Wright Nature Centre, Rep. of Trinidad and Tobago. 43 p. 39
003142  Randall, J.E.,1978 Acanthuridae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Central Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). FAO, Rome. Vol. 1. pag.var.
003194  Reeson, P.H.,1983 The biology, ecology and bionomics of the surgeonfishes, Acanthuridae. p. 178-190. In J.L. Munro (ed.) Caribbean coral reef fishery resources. ICLARM Stud. Rev. 7.
003814  Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott,1991 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (20):183 p. 65
004517  Hureau, J.-C.,1991 La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.
005217  Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez,1992 Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. 251
005521  Böhlke, J.E. and C.C.G. Chaplin,1993 Fishes of the Bahamas and adjacent tropical waters. 2nd edition. University of Texas Press, Austin. 657
006077  Cervigón, F. and W. Fischer,1979 INFOPESCA. Catálogo de especies marinas de interes economico actual o potencial para América Latina. Parte 1. Atlántico centro y suroccidental. FAO/UNDP, SIC/79/1. 372 p. FAO, Rome. 171
006313  Grabda, E. and T. Heese,1991 Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces. Wyzsza Szkola Inzynierska w Koszalinie. Koszalin, Poland. 171 p. (in Polish).
007251  Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray,1986 A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. 256
007345  Desoutter, M.,1990 Acanthuridae. p. 962-964. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. 962
009710  Lieske, E. and R. Myers,1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. 172.6
009761  Humann, P.,1994 Reef fish identification: Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas. New World Publications, Jacksonville, Florida. 426 p. 34-35
011824  Claro, R. and J.P. García-Arteaga,1994 Crecimiento. p.321-402. In R. Claro (ed.) Ecología de los peces marinos de Cuba. Instituto de Oceanologia Academia de Ciencias de Cuba and Centro de Investigaciones de Quintana Roo (CIQRO), México.
012090  Sadovy, Y.,1992 A preliminary assessment of the marine aquarium export trade in Puerto Rico. Proceedings of the Seventh International Coral Reef Symposium, Guam, Vol. 2, p. 1014-1021. 1017
013442  Randall, J.E.,1996 Caribbean reef fishes. Third Edition - revised and enlarged. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., Hong Kong. 3nd ed. 368 p. 320;fig.395,398
013608  Uyeno, T., K. Matsuura and E. Fujii (eds.),1983 Fishes trawled off Suriname and French Guiana. Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center, Tokyo, Japan. 519 p. 406
013628  Cervigón, F.,1994 Los peces marinos de Venezuela. Volume 3. Fundación Científica Los Roques, Caracas,Venezuela. 295 p. 215,290
013768  Clavijo, I.E.,1974 A contribution on feeding habits of three species of acanthurids (Pisces) from the West Indies. M.Sc. Thesis. Florida Atlatic University, Florida. 44 p. 1
026180  Ogden, J.C., J.A. Yntema and I. Clavijo,1975 An annotated list of the fishes of St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. Spec. Publ. No. 3. 39
026252  Bouchon-Navaro, Y. and M. Louis,1986 Les poissons des formations corallienes de la Martinique. Ann. Inst. Océanogr., Paris 62(2):251-270. 258
026340  Claro, R.,1994 Características generales de la ictiofauna. p. 55-70. In R. Claro (ed.) Ecología de los peces marinos de Cuba. Instituto de Oceanología Academia de Ciencias de Cuba and Centro de Investigaciones de Quintana Roo.
026409  García-Cagide, A., R. Claro and B.V. Koshelev,1994 Reproducción. p. 187-262. In R. Claro (ed.) Ecología de los peces marinos de Cuba. Inst. Oceanol. Acad. Cienc. Cuba. and Cen. Invest. Quintana Roo (CIQRO) México.
026585  García, C.B., L.O. Duarte, N. Sandoval, D. von Schiller, G. Melo and P. Navajas,1998 Length-weight relationships of demersal fishes form the Gulf of Salamanca, Colombia. Naga ICLARM Q. (in press).
026827  Crossman, E.J.,1972 Collecting trip to St. Lucia. Dept. Ichthyology & Herpetology. 32 p. 28
026938  Smith, C.L.,1997 National Audubon Society field guide to tropical marine fishes of the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, the Bahamas, and Bermuda. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 720 p. 642
027115  Baensch, H.A. and H. Debelius,1997 Meerwasser atlas. Mergus Verlag GmbH, Postfach 86, 49302, Melle, Germany. 1216 p. 3rd edition. 698
027286  Alleng, G.P.,1997 The fauna of the Port Royal Mangal, Kingston, Jamaica. Stud. Nat. Hist. Caribb. Reg. 73:25-42. 36
027620  Silva, M.,1994 Especies identificadas en las pesquerias costeras artesanales del Suroeste de la Republica Dominica. Reportes del Propescar-Sur: contribuciones al conocimiento de las pesquerías en la República Dominicana. Vol. 1, 47p.
028620  Randall, J.E.,1997 Randall's underwater photos. Collection of almost 2,000 underwater photos (slides). Unpublished.
031402  Swedish Museum of Natural History,1999 Fish collection database of the Naturhistoriska riksmuseet (Swedish Museum of Natural History). Ichthyology Section, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
031517  Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.),1999 Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p.
031982  Anonymous,1999 Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)).
033407  Ramjohn, D.D.,1999 Checklist of coastal and marine fishes of Trinidad and Tobago. Marine Fishery Analysis Unit, Fisheries Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Trinidad and Tobago. Fisheries Information Series 8, 151 p.
033499  Rosa, R.S. and R.L. Moura,1997 Visual assessment of reef fish community structure in the Atol Das Rocas Biological Reserve, off northeastern Brazil. Proc. 8th Int. Coral Reef Symp. 1:983-986. 985
034634  Anonymous,2000 Fish collection database of the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL), Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.
035141  Pollnac, R.B.,1998 Aspects of the human ecology of the coral reefs of Discovery Bay. p. 141-199. In R.B. Pollnac (ed.) Rapid assessment of management parameters for coral reefs. Coastal Resources Center, University of Rhode Island. CMR 2205, ICLARM 1445. 181
035209  Randall, J.E.,1965 Grazing effect on sea grasses by herbivorous reef fishes in the West Indies. Ecology 46(3):255-260. 258
035834  Vianna, M.,1997 Physiographic influence in the structure of the suprabenthic fish assemblage in the rocky shore of Arraual do Cabo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. B. Inst. Pesca 24:25-35. 31
036453  Figueiredo, J.L. and N.A. Menezes,2000 Manual de peixes marinhos do sudeste do Brasil. VI.Teleostei (5). Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo. Brazil. 116 p. 2
038732  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes.
040637  IGFA,2001 Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA.
040919  Anonymous,2001 Fish collection database of the Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen.
041414  Anonymous,2002 Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA.
041680  Duarte, L.O., C.B. García, I. Moreno, G. Melo, P. Navajas, N. Sandoval and D. von Schiller,1999 Atlas demográfico de los peces demersales del Golfo de Salamance, Caribe Colombiano. Dinámica poblacional, distribución, alimentación y reproducción. Digital Book (CD-ROM). Invemar-Colciencias.
042070  Soares, L.H.,1988 Catálogo dos peixes do litoral do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte. Boletim do Departamento de Oceanografia e Limnologia do Centro de Biociências da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte 7:1-39.
042071  Szpilman, M.,2000 Peixes marinhos do Brasil: guia prático de identificação. Rio de Janeiro, Instituto Ecológico Aqualung. 288 p.
042240  Pattengill, C.V., B.X. Semmens and S.R. Gittings,1997 Reef fish trophic structure at the Flower Gardens and Stetson Bank, NW Gulf of Mexico. Proc. 8th Int. Coral Reef Sym. 1:1023-1028. 1024
042421  Vakily, J.M., S.B. Camara, A.N. Mendy, V. Marques, B. Samb, A.J. Dos Santos, M.F. Sheriff, M. Ould Taleb Sidi and D. Pauly,2002 Poissons marins de la sous-région nord-ouest africaine. EUR 20379 FR, Commission Européenne, Bruxelles. 124 p. 11
045556  Rooker, J.R., Q.R. Dokken, C.V. Pattengill and G.J. Holt,1997 Fish assemblages on artificial and natural reefs in the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary, USA. Coral Reefs 16:83-92. 86
047377  Figueiredo, J.L. de, A.P. dos Santos, N. Yamaguti, R.A. Bernardes and C.L. Del Bianco Rossi-Wongtschowski,2002 Peixes da zona econômica exclusiva da Região Sudeste-Sul do Brasil: Levantamento com Rede de Meia-Água. São-Paulo: Editora da Universidade de São Paulo; Imprensa Oficial do Estado, 242 p. 199
047438  Anonymous,2003 Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum.
048321  Ricker, W.E.,1973 Russian-English dictionary for students of fisheries and aquatic biology. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa. 271
048497  Hardy, J.D. Jr. (comp.),2003 Coral reef fish species. NOAA\National Oceanographic Data Center. NODC Coral Reef Data and Information Management System. USA. 537 p. 493
049392  Monteiro-Neto, C., F.E.A. Cunha, M.C. Nottingham, M.E. Araújo, I.L. Rosa and G.M.L. Barros,2003 Analysis of the marine ornamental fish trade at Ceará State, northeast Brazil. Biodivers. Conserv. 12:1287-1295. 1289
049651  Caballero, J.A. and J. Schmitter-Soto,2001 Diversity of fishes in small coral patches of the Mexican Caribbean. Bull. Mar. Sci. 68(2):337-342. 337-342
050307  Martin, F.D. and J.W. Patus,1984 An annotated key to the teleost fishes of Puerto Rico. Compendio Enciclopedico de los Recursos Nat. 5:1-191. 152
051385  Sazima, C., A. Grossman, C. Bellini and I. Sazima,2004 The moving gardens: reef fishes grazing, cleaning, and following green turtles. Cybium 28(1):47-53.
051471  Carl, H.,2003 Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished.
051848  Nahím, H.R. and F. Cervigón,2003 Peces del archipiélago Los Roques. Agencia Española de Cooperacíon Internacional. 304 p. 83
052299  Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea and J.D. Williams,2004 Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. ix, 386 p. + 1 CD. 174
052966  Randall, J.E.,2003 Acanthuridae. Surgeonfishes. p. 1801-1805. In K.E. Carpenter (ed.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 3: Bony fishes part 2 (Opistognathidae to Molidae), sea turtles and marine mammals.
054206  Claro, R. and L.R. Parenti,2001 The marine ichthyofauna of Cuba. p. 21-57. In Claro, R., K.C. Lindeman and L.R. Parenti (eds) Ecology of the marine fishes of Cuba. Smithsonian Institution Press, Wahsington and London. 253p. 54
055164  Florida Museum of Natural History,2005 Biological profiles: doctorfish. Retrieved on 26 August 2005, from Ichthyology at the Florida Museum of Natural History: Education-Biological Profiles. FLMNH, University of Florida.
055789  Tilghman, G.C., R. Klinger-Bowen and R. Francis-Floyd,2001 Feeding electivity indices in surgeonfish (Acanthuridae) of the Florida keys. Aquarium Sciences and Conservation 3:215-223. 215-223
056479  Gómez-Canchong, P., L. Manjarrés M., L.O. Duarte and J. Altamar,2004 Atlas pesquero del area norte del Mar Caribe de Colombia. Universidad del Magadalena, Santa Marta. 230 p. 43
057616  Dominici-Arosemena, A. and M. Wolff,2005 Reef fish community structure in Bocas del Toro (Caribbean, Panamá): Gradients in habitat complexity and exposure. Caribbean J. Sci. 41(3):613-637. 634
057756  Floeter, S.R., J.L. Gasparini, L.A. Rocha, C.E.L. Ferreira, C.A. Rangel and B.M. Feitoza,2003 Brazilian reef fish fauna: checklist and remarks (updated Jan. 2003). Brazilian Reef Fish Project: 18
058108  Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,2003 Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database.
075549  FAO-FIES,2008 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008.
079544  de Boer, B., D. Hoogerwerf, I. Kristensen and J. Post,1973 Antillean fish guide. STINAPA No. 7. Curaçao (Netherlands Antilles): Caribbean Marine Biological Institute. 89
079593  Albins, M.A. and M.A. Hixon,2008 Invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois volitans reduce recruitment of Atlantic coral-reef fishes. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 367:233-238. 236
080860  Menezes, N.A., P.A. Buckup, J.L. Figueiredo and R.L. Moura,2003 Catálogo das espécies de peixes marinhos do Brasil. São Paulo. Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, 160 pp.
083882  FAO-FIES,2010 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010.
084211  Feitoza, B.M., R.S. Rosa and L.A. Rocha,2005 Ecology and zoogeography of deep-reef fishes in Northeastern Brazil. Bull. Mar. Sci. 76(3):725-742. 734
090062  FAO-FIES,2012 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012.
091126  Macieira, R.M. and J.-C. Joyeux,2009 Length-weight relationships for rockpool fishes in Brazil. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 25(3):358-359. 1
094080  Wirtz, P., A. Brito, J.M. Falcón, R. Freitas, R. Fricke, V. Monteiro, F. Reiner and O. Tariche,2013 The coastal fishes of the Cape Verde Islands - new records and an annotated check-list. Spixiana 36(1):113-142. 134
095632  FAO-FIES,2014 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014.
098447  Wirtz, P., J. Bingeman, J. Bingeman, R. Fricke, T.J. Hook and J. Young,2017 The fishes of Ascension Island, central Atlantic Ocean: new records and an annotated checklist. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 97(4):783-798. 792
101110  FAO-FIES,2015 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015].
104901  Iglesias, T.L., A. Dornburg, M.C. Brandley, M.E. Alfaro and D.L. Warren,2015 Life in the unthinking depths: energetic constraints on encephalization in marine fishes. J. Evol. Biol. 28(5):1080-1090. 1080-1090
105471  eElurikkus,2015 eElurikkus koondab ühte portaali Eesti eluslooduse andmed.
105574  Termeki on Eesti Keele Instituudi,2015 Termeki on Eesti Keele Instituudi.
115257  FAO-FIES,2017 Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017).
118717  Tsuboi, M., W. van der Bijl, B.T. Kopperud, J. Erritzoe, K.L. Voje, A. Kotrschal, K.E. Yopak, S.P. Collin, A.N. Iwaniuk and N. Kolm,2018 Breakdown of brain-body allometry and the encephalization of birds and mammals. Nat. Ecol. Evol. 2:1495-1500.
122732  Delgado-Pech, B., A. Almazán-Becerril, J. Peniche-Pérez and J.A. Caballero-Vázquez,2020 Facultative scavenging feeding habits in Acanthurus chirurgus (Bloch, 1787) (Acanthuriformes: Acanthuridae). Biodiversity Data Journal 8:e53712. 2
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